This Mastcam-Z image shows a sample of Mars rock inside the sample tube on Sept. 1, 2021 (the 190th sol, or Martian day, of the mission), shortly after the coring operation.Science instruments onboard the Perseverance rover.Illustration of NASA's Perseverance rover on Mars.A United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket with NASA’s Mars 2020 Perseverance rover onboard launches from Space Launch Complex 41, Thursday, July 30, 2020, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.Mission planners would potentially leverage aspects of the Curiosity rover design for a Mars mission designed to launch in 2020. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech A close-up view of an engineering model of SHERLOC (Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics & Chemicals), one the instruments aboard NASA's Perseverance Mars rover.In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL).
About Image
This Mastcam-Z image shows a sample of Mars rock inside the sample tube on Sept. 1, 2021 (the 190th sol, or Martian day, of the mission), shortly after the coring operation. The image was taken after coring concluded but prior to an operation that vibrates the drill bit and tube to clear the tube’s lip of any residual material.NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU/MSSS
Science instruments onboard the Perseverance rover.NASA
Illustration of NASA's Perseverance rover on Mars.NASA
A United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket with NASA’s Mars 2020 Perseverance rover onboard launches from Space Launch Complex 41, Thursday, July 30, 2020, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The Perseverance rover is part of NASA’s Mars Exploration Program, a long-term effort of robotic exploration of the Red Planet.NASA/Joel Kowsky
Mission planners leveraged aspects of the Curiosity rover design for the Mars 2020 mission.NASA/JPL-Caltech
A close-up view of an engineering model of SHERLOC (Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics & Chemicals), one the instruments aboard NASA's Perseverance Mars rover. Located on the end of the rover's robotic arm, this instrument features an auto-focusing camera (pictured) that shoots black-and-white images used by SHERLOC's color camera, called WATSON (Wide Angle Topographic Sensor for Operations and eNgineering), to zero in on rock textures. SHERLOC also has a laser, which aims for the dead center of rock surfaces depicted in WATSON's images. The laser uses a technique called Raman spectroscopy to detect minerals in microscopic rock features; that data is then superimposed on WATSON's images. These mineral maps help scientists determine which rock samples Perseverance should drill so that they can be sealed in metal tubes and left on the Martian surface for a future mission to return to Earth.NASA/JPL-Caltech
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). Located on the turret at the end of the rover's robotic arm, the X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.NASA/JPL-Caltech
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Mission name: Mars 2020

Mars 2020 Mission

The Mars 2020 mission's Perseverance Rover will provided details about the potential for life on Mars, both past and present.

Mission news and discoveries
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
New Video: Astrobiology in the Field: GreenlandNovember 18, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
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In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
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In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
New Report on Bioburden Requirements for MarsOctober 07, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Mars Fleet Lies Low As Sun Moves Between Earth and Red Planet (NASA)September 28, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover Cameras Capture Mars Like Never Before (NASA JPL)September 23, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Take a 3D Spin on Mars and Track NASA's Perseverance Rover (NASA)September 16, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Justin Simon Shepherds Perseverance Through First Phase of Martian Rock Sampling (NASA JPL)September 15, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Sample Return from Mars Begins in EarnestSeptember 13, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover Collects Puzzle Pieces of Mars’ HistorySeptember 10, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA to Host Briefing on Successful Sample Collection of Martian Rock (NASA JPL)September 08, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover Collects First Mars Rock Sample (NASA)September 07, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover Successfully Cores Its First RockSeptember 03, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Plans Next Sample Attempt (NASA JPL)August 26, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Team Assessing First Mars Sampling Attempt (NASA)August 06, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Helicopter Scouts Ridge Area for Perseverance (NASA)August 04, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA Perseverance Mars Rover to Acquire First Sample (NASA)July 21, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover Begins to Search for Signs of Past Life on Mars (NASA)July 20, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA to Brief Early Science from Perseverance Mars RoverJuly 18, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Search for Life: Astrobiology in the Solar System and BeyondJune 25, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover Begins Its First Science Campaign on Mars (NASA)June 09, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Perseverance’s Robotic Arm Starts Conducting Science (NASA)May 11, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
The Hows and Whys of Mars Sample ReturnApril 16, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Probing for Life in the Icy Crusts of Ocean WorldsApril 08, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s First Weather Report from Jezero Crater on MarsApril 07, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA's Curiosity Team Names Martian Hill That Serves as Mission ‘Gateway'April 06, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
New Study Challenges Long-Held Theory of Fate of Mars’ WaterMarch 16, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Extraterrestrial Materials Analysis Group (ExMAG) Seeks Applications for Open PositionsMarch 16, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Mars Rover Mission Honors Navajo LanguageMarch 11, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
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In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA Awards Mars Ascent Propulsion System Contract for Sample ReturnMarch 05, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
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In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Touchdown! NASA’s Mars Perseverance Rover Safely Lands on Red PlanetFebruary 18, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Searching for Life on Mars - NASA Press ConferenceFebruary 18, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Searching for Life in NASA’s Perseverance Mars SamplesFebruary 18, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Science Overview – NASA Perseverance Mars RoverFebruary 17, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Next Mars Rover Is Ready for the Most Precise Landing YetFebruary 17, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA Invites Public to Share Thrill of Mars Perseverance Rover LandingFebruary 13, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
La NASA ofrecerá una retransmisión en español para el aterrizaje del Rover Mars PerseveranceFebruary 13, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Ask an Astrobiologist: Mars 2020 Special Panel Episode!February 05, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA's Perseverance Pays Off Back HomeFebruary 02, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Dr. Lori Glaze Debunks Myths about MarsFebruary 01, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover 22 Days From Mars LandingJanuary 27, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
7 Things to Know About the NASA Rover About to Land on MarsJanuary 07, 2021
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA’s Dragonfly Mission Will Seek Clues about Titan’s HabitabilityDecember 27, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
A Martian Roundtrip: NASA's Perseverance Rover Sample TubesDecember 22, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA Moves Forward with Campaign to Return Mars Samples to EarthDecember 17, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Gravity Assist: Mars Takes a Breath, with Jen EigenbrodeNovember 16, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Bringing Back a Piece of MarsOctober 11, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Life at Low Pressure: Planetary Protection and the Habitability of MarsSeptember 24, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA's New Mars Rover Will Use X-Rays to Hunt FossilsSeptember 22, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA Establishes Board to Initially Review Mars Sample Return PlansAugust 14, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Gravity Assist: ‘Oxygen is Tree Poop’ – Looking For Life in Ancient LakesAugust 14, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA, ULA Launch Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover Mission to Red PlanetJuly 31, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Perseverance Rover: How We Protect Mars From Earthly GermsJuly 24, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Mars 2020: Be our Virtual GuestJuly 14, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Join NASA for the Launch of the Mars 2020 Perseverance RoverJuly 10, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA's Perseverance Rover Attached to Atlas V RocketJuly 09, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
7 Things to Know About the Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover MissionJuly 09, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
The Launch Is Approaching for NASA's Next Mars Rover, PerseveranceJune 22, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
The Extraordinary Sample-Gathering System of NASA's Perseverance Mars Rover (NASA JPL)June 04, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
The Detective Aboard NASA's Perseverance Rover (NASA JPL)June 04, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA Perseverance Mars Rover Scientists Train in the Nevada DesertMay 08, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Committee Opportunity Available: Mars Sample Return Science Planning Group Phase 2April 14, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Serpentinization and Astrobiological Potential of the Mars 2020 Landing SiteApril 09, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Virginia Middle School Student Earns Honor of Naming NASA's Next Mars RoverMarch 06, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Planetary Protection and the Moons of MarsMarch 06, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Ancient Impact Site on Earth Provides Clues about Mars' PastMarch 03, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
2020 MEPAG Goals Document Draft is now Available for Community CommentsJanuary 23, 2020
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
PIXL: A New NASA Instrument For Ferreting Out Clues of Ancient Life on MarsOctober 28, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Apply for "The PI Launchpad: From Science Idea to NASA Mission"September 25, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
On the Ground in GreenlandSeptember 10, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
ExoClimes V Presentations Now Available On-Demand!September 09, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Request for Input on Planetary Protection Policies for Mars (MEPAG)September 02, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
You Can Name the Mars 2020 Rover!August 29, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Scientists Explore Outback as Testbed for MarsAugust 28, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
“Agnostic Biosignatures,” And the Path to Life as We Don’t Know ItAugust 13, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
New Planetary Protection Board to Review Guidelines for Future Solar System and Beyond ExplorationApril 24, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
New NASA Documentary Series: Astrobiology in the Field!April 01, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Opportunity Rover Mission Comes to an EndFebruary 14, 2019
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Instrumentation and Facilities for Extraterrestrial Sample Curation and AnalysisDecember 23, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
National Academies Strategic DocumentsDecember 20, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA Announces Landing Site for Mars 2020 RoverNovember 20, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Inner WorkingsNovember 17, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Naturally Occurring 'Batteries' Fueled Organic Carbon Synthesis on MarsNovember 09, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Transcriptomic Responses of a Microbe Under Simulated Martian ConditionsOctober 25, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Science Strategies Chart Course for Detecting Life on Other WorldsOctober 19, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Chlorate-Rich Soil May Help Us Find Liquid Water on MarsOctober 02, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
The Dry Limit of Life in the AtacamaOctober 01, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Putting the Ethics into Planetary ProtectionAugust 13, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Forecasting Martian Dust StormsJuly 27, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Photochemistry of Bacterial DNA under Mars ConditionsJune 27, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Breakthrough Findings on Mars Organics and Mars MethaneJune 06, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Extracting Amino Acids Using Supercritical Carbon DioxideMay 16, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
NASA-ESA Statement of Intent for Mars Sample ReturnMay 07, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Search for Life on Mars Could Get Water-Enhanced BoostMay 07, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Astrobiologist Nathalie Cabrol Features in the New York TimesMarch 23, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Rare Metals On Mars And Earth Implicate Colossal ImpactsMarch 23, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
MEPAG Meeting 36 AbstractsMarch 20, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Sample Collection is HardFebruary 27, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Australian Center for AstrobiologyJanuary 31, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Gravity Assist: Mars, with Bruce Jakosky and Michael MeyerJanuary 16, 2018
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Where Should We Look for Ancient Biosignatures on Mars in 2020?April 28, 2017
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Microbes Could Survive Thin Air of MarsJanuary 18, 2017
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Nitrogen in Ancient Rocks a Sign of Early LifeNovember 30, 2016
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Looking for Life on Mars — in ChileNovember 24, 2016
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Iron-Loving Bacteria a Model for Mars LifeNovember 15, 2016
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Microscope Could Seek Biological Samples on Red PlanetNovember 01, 2016
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Water on Mars: The Story So FarOctober 14, 2016
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Cycles of Glaciation on Ancient MarsOctober 06, 2016
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Planetary Protection for the Journey to MarsSeptember 07, 2016
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Protecting Special Regions on MarsMay 02, 2016
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Real Martians Moment: Mars 2020 and AstrobiologyOctober 15, 2015
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
How Much Contamination Is Okay on Mars 2020 Rover?September 01, 2015
In this illustration, NASA's Perseverance Mars rover uses the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL). The X-ray spectrometer will help search for signs of ancient microbial life in rocks.
Report on Contamination Considerations for Mars 2020April 15, 2015