Astrobiology Research Locations Research Locations Explore Detailed Information Explore
Location
Name
Funding Type
Albion, MI
Albion College
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Nicolle Zellner
2011 - Survival of Sugars in Ice/Mineral Mixtures Upon High Velocity Impact: Simulating t he Impact of Comets and Meteorites into Early Earth
EXO
New York, NY
American Museum of Natural History
LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Denton Ebel
2012 - Microscopy and X - ray Fluorescence Mapping of Comet Sample Tracks: Grain Location, History and Original Properties by Reverse Modeling
2010 - Partial Support for Upgrading a Laser Confocal Scanning Microscope for Non- destructive High-resolution 3D Imaging of Comet Sample Tracks in Aerogel Returned by the Stardust Mission
LARS
Phoenix, AZ
Arizona Board of Regents, University of Arizona
LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Dante Lauretta
2010 - Development of Simultaneous LIBS and LA -ICP-MS Analysis of Extraterrestrial Samples
LARS
Tempe, AZ
Arizona State University
Emerging Worlds, NAI, PICASSO, PDART, EXO, EXO, NAI, EXO, PDART, EXO, Emerging Worlds, Habitable Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Ariel Anbar
NAI – CAN 5 Team (2009-2015): Follow the Elements
EXO – 2012 - Uranium Isotope Variations in Carbonates: Validating A New Paleoredox Proxy
EXO – 2007 - In search of early oxygen: Investigation of redox sensitive metal abundances and isotopes in Neoarchean drill cores
EXO, NAI
Craig Hardgrove
2015 - Next Generation Neutron and Gamma-Ray Spectrometer for Planetary Spacecraft
PICASSO
David Williams
2015 - Digitizing the Unique Photographic-Film Archives of the ASU Regional Planetary Information Facility
PDART
Emerson Speyerer
2015 - Improving the Geometry of the Clementine Mission and Creating New Maps to Enhance Future Scientific Investigations
PDART
Everett Shock
EXO – 2015 - Geochemical and Biomolecular Changes at the Transition to Photosynthesis
Habitable Worlds – 2015 - Mechanisms of Organic Compound Reactivity in Habitable Worlds Emerging Worlds – 2015 - The Other Planetary Fluid: Carbon Dioxide as a Medium for Chemical Changes During Early Evolution in the Solar System
EXO – 2011 - Production of Organic Compounds During Serpentinization: Biotic or Abiotic?
EXO, Emerging Worlds, Habitable Worlds
Hongyu Yu
2014 - Development of a Low Power, Low Mass, Small and Easily Deployable Planetary Broadband Micro-Seismometer
PICASSO
Jack Farmer
CAN 1 Team (1998-2003): Exploring the Living Universe: Origin, Evolution, and Distribution of Life in the Solar System
NAI
James Lyons
2015 - Photodissociation, Photoexcitation, and Dissociation Probabilities for the Sulfur Isotopologues of SO2, SO, and CS2, and Application to Sulfur MIF
EXO
John Chaput
2014 - The Emergence of Protein Folds
EXO
Laura Wasylenki
2010 - Assessing Ni Isotope Fractionation During Abiotic Processes
EXO
Meenakshi (Mini) Wadhwa
2015 - Isotopic Investigations of Meteorites: Understanding the Transition from Dust to Planetesimals
Emerging Worlds
Melissa Morris
2015 - Observational and Theoretical Investigations of the Formation of Igneous Rims around Chondrules
Emerging Worlds
Sandra Pizzarello
2007 - METEORITIC AMINO ACIDS AS ASYMMETRIC CATALYSTS IN PREBIOTIC CHEMISTRY
EXO
Sara Walker
2015 - Multilevel Evolution of Chemical Reaction Networks
EXO
Steven Ruff
PDART – 2015 - Artifact-corrected Spectra from the Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer on the Spirit Rover
EXO – 2015 - Recognizing Biosignatures in Hot Spring Silica Occurrences on Earth with Applications to Mars
EXO, PDART
Auburn, AL
Auburn University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Ken Halanych
2012 - Elucidating the Early Evolution of Metazoans
EXO
East Boothbay, ME
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
David Emerson
2015 - From Genome to Mechanism: Understanding Microbial Iron Metabolism In Situ
EXO
Seattle, WA
Blue Marble Space
Habitable Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Jacob Haqq-Misra
2015 - Evaluating the Limits of Orbital Habitable Zones With a Climate Model in Stochastic Resonance
Habitable Worlds
Boston, MA
Boston University
PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Paul Withers
2015 - Archiving Saturn and Titan ionospheric electron density profiles from Cassini
PDART
Waltham, MA
Brandeis University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Judith Herzfeld
2007 - Solid State NMR Studies of Prebiotic Scenarios
EXO
Providence, RI
Brown University
Emerging Worlds, EXO, PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Sandra Wiseman
2015 - Release of Radiative Transfer (DISORT)-Based Atmospherically Corrected CRISM High Resolution Images
PDART
Stephen Parman
2015 - Primary Differentiation of Mercury's Interior
Emerging Worlds
Yongsong Huang
2009 - New insight to the prebioti c chemical evolution from advanced molecular and compound-specific isotopic analyses of carbonaceous chondrites
EXO
Pasadena, CA
California Institute of Technology
EXO, Emerging Worlds, LARS, PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Abigail Allwood
2010 - Geochemical Characterization of Earl y Archean Stromatolite-Hosted Organic Matter
EXO
Damien Woods
2012 - Simple Self - Replicating Nanostructures
EXO
David Fike
2009 - Insights into the Late Archean Sulfur Cy cle from a Unique Combination of SIMS Analysis of Multiple Sulfur Isotope s and Scanning SQUID Microscopy of Sedimentary Pyrite and Carb onate-Associated Sulfate
EXO
Dianne Newman
2015 - Towards a New Interpretation of Sedimentary Hopanes Using Bradyrhizobium Diazoefficiens as Model System
2007 - Investigating the Localization, Regulation and Biosynthesis of 2-Methylhopanoids
EXO
Donald Burnett
Emerging Worlds – 2015 - Observational and Theoretical Investigations of the Formation of Igneous Rims around Chondrules
LARS – 2014 - Elemental Analysis of Solar Wind and Technical Enabling of Genesis Objectives
Emerging Worlds, LARS
Geoffrey Blake
2009 - Observational and Laboratory Constraint s on the Creation of Nebular Organics
EXO
Joseph Kirschvink
2015 - Application of New Paleomagnetic and Rock Magnetism Techniques to Test the Origin of Magnetites in ALH84001 Carbonates
2007 - Magnetofossils: A Novel Biosig nature of Ancient Ecosystems
EXO
Maria Fernanda Mora
2015 - Microfluidic Ion Analyzer for Astrobiological Studies
PICASSO
Morteza Gharib
2015 - Microbial Residue and Compounds of Life from Enceladus (MIRACLE)
EXO
Victoria Orphan
2014 - Assay Of Dissimilatory Sulfate Reduction Enzymes In-Vitro And Analysis Of Sulfur Isotope Fractionation
EXO
Woodward Fischer
2015 - Insights Into Pre-Phototrophic Progenitors of Oxygenic Cyanobacteria Via Analysis of Closely Related Non-Phototrophs
EXO
Northridge, CA
California State University Northridge
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Rachel Mackelprang
2015 - Life in the Ancient Permafrost: A Model for Exobiology
EXO
Washington, DC
Carnegie Institution of Washington
Emerging Worlds, NAI, EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Dionysios Foustoukos
2015 - The D/H composition of chondrites: The role of hydrothermal alteration of Fe-Ni metals and insoluble organic material
Emerging Worlds
George Cody
CAN 5 Team (2009-2015): Astrobiology Pathways: From the Interstellar Medium, Through Planetary Systems, to the Emergence and Detection of Life
NAI
Karyn Rogers
2012 - Microbial Growth at High Pressure: Evaluating Pressure as a Parameter for Planetary Habitabililty
EXO
Sean Solomon
CAN 1 & 3 Team (1998-2008): Hydrothermal Systems: Physical, Chemical, and Biological Evolution and Cosmic Environments
NAI
New York, NY
Columbia University
EXO, Habitable Worlds, PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Kerstin Lehnert
2015 - MoonDB: Restoration and Synthesis of Lunar Petrological Data to Empower Future Science
PDART
Linda Sohl
Habitable Worlds – 2015 - Faint Young Sun Paradoxes and Habitable Worlds: Comparative Climatology of Early Earth and Mars
EXO – 2014 - Reconstructions of a Snowball Earth: A Data/Model Perspective
EXO, Habitable Worlds
Ithaca, NY, USA
Cornell University
PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Don Banfield
2015 - Planetary Polarization Nephelometer
2015 - A Simplified Martian Acoustic Anemometer
PICASSO
Hanover, NH
Dartmouth College
LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Mukul Sharma
2015 - Determination of Osmium concentration and isotope composition of Solar Corona using Genesis samples
LARS
Las Vegas, NV
Desert Research Institute
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Henry Sun
2015 - Origin of Radiation Resistance
2008 - Biological Accumulation of D-amino acids in Endolit hic Microbial Communities
EXO
Atlanta, GA
Emory University
Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Susanna Widicus Weaver
2015 - The Role of Methanol Photolysis in the Production of Organic Matter During Solar System Formation
Emerging Worlds
600 W College Ave, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
Florida State University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Jeremy Owens
2015 - Tracking the Initiation of Marine Ocean Oxygenation Through Manganese-Oxide Burial Using Thallium Isotopes
EXO
Gainesville, FL
Foundation For Applied Molecular Evolution
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Eric Gaucher
2008 - Exploiting paleogenetics and experimental-evolution to reconstruct and recapitulate adaptive evolution
EXO
Steven Benner
2014 - Experimental Approaches to Potential Alien Molecular Biologies. A Two-Biopolymer Darwinian System
2010 - Landscapes in Catalytic Nucleic Acids
2008 - Prebiotic Routes to Carbohydrates Involving Borate Minerals
EXO
Atlanta, GA
Georgia Institute of Technology
PSTAR, EXO, EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Amanda Stockton
2015 - Field Exploration and Life Detection Sampling for Planetary and Astrobiology Research (FELDSPAR)
PSTAR
Britney Schmidt
2015 - RISE-UP: Ross Ice Shelf and Europa Underwater Probe
PSTAR
Jennifer Glass
2014 - Characterization Of Microbes Mediating Anaerobic Oxidation Of Methane Coupled To Iron Reduction From An Ancient Ocean Analogue
EXO
Loren Williams
EXO – 2015 - Iron, Ancient Biochemistry and the Origin of Life
EXO – 2015 - Primordial Assembly and Catalysis
NAI – CAN 5 Team (2009-2015): The Georgia Tech Center for Ribosome Adaptation and Evolution
EXO, NAI
William Ratcliff
2015 - Origin and evolutionary consequences of multicellular life cycles (Remove modeling - Task 4)
EXO
Atlanta, GA
Georgia Tech Research Corp
EXO, PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Amanda Stockton
2015 - The Small Bodies / Icy Moon Penetrator Organic Analyzer (SB/IM-POA): Early TRL Development of a Robust Microfluidic Instrument for Raman, UV-Vis and Fluorescence Spectroscopy on Kinetic Penetrator Missions.
PICASSO
Eric Gaucher
2012 - Combining Experimental Evolution and Resurrected Ancestral Genes to Study Historical Contingency and Determinism
EXO
Nicholas Hud
2012 - Intercalation - Mediated Assembly of the First Informational Polymers of Life
2008 - Intercalation Mediated Assembly and the First Informational Polymers of Life
EXO
West Kingston, RI
Gordon Research Conferences
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Nancy Ryan Gray
2011 - 2011 Archaea: Ecology, Metabolism & Molecular Biology GRC
EXO
Cambridge, MA
Harvard University
EXO, Habitable Worlds , EXO, NAI, PICASSO, Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Andrew Knoll
EXO – 2007 - Neoproterozoic evolution and environmenta l change: Integrated experimental and geological approaches
NAI – CAN 1 Team (1998-2003): The Planetary Context of Biological Evolution
EXO, NAI
Ann Pearson
2015 - Evolution of Sub-Cellular Metabolism in Photosynthetic Eukaryotes: Isotopic Investigation of the Partitioning of Nitrogen Between Chloroplasts and Mitochondria
EXO
David Johnston
2015 - The Isotopic Consequences of Microbial Sulfur Disproportionation
EXO
Francis Macdonald
2011- Exploring Cryogenian biological and environmental change in Mongolia
EXO
Jonathan Grindley
2015 - Miniature Lightweight X-ray Optics for Solar System Exploration
PICASSO
Robin Wordsworth
2015 - Atmospheric collapse and volatile transport on rocky M-star planets
Habitable Worlds
Scot Martin
2007 - Prebiotic Metabolic Systems Driven by Colloidal Semiconductor Photocatalysis
EXO
Stein Jacobsen
2015 - Elemental and isotopic fractionations and mixing in the proto-lunar disk
Emerging Worlds
Brooklyn, NY
Honeybee Robotics
MatiSSE
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Kris Zacny
2015 - Auto-Gopher2: Autonomous Wireline Core and Cutting Acquisition Probe for Deep Penetration and Sampling of Bodies in the Solar System
MatiSSE
Pocatello, ID
Idaho State University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Timothy Magnuson
2014 - Origins of Microbial Iron Respiration
EXO
Bloomington, IN
Indiana University, Bloomington
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Laura Wasylenki
2015 - Investigating the Role of Methanogens in the Great Oxidation Event Using Ni Isotopes
EXO
Lisa Pratt
CAN 3 Team (2003-2008): Indiana-Princeton-Tennessee Astrobiology Initiative (IPTAI): Detection of Biosustainable Energy and Nutrient Cycling in the Deep Subsurface of Earth and Mars
NAI
Baltimore, MD
Johns Hopkins University
Emerging Worlds, Habitable Worlds , MatiSSE, PICASSO, PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Charles Hibbitts
2015 - Volatile Adsorption onto Primitive Grains for Understanding the Formation of the Early Solar System
Emerging Worlds
David Lawrence
2015 - GeMiniPlus: A Miniature Gamma Ray Spectrometer to Measure Near-Surface Elemental Composition and Stratigraphy for Resource-Limited Planetary Missions
MatiSSE
Haje Korth
2014 - Solving Fundamental Technical Challenges toward a Space-qualified Miniature Absolute Scalar Magnetometer
PICASSO
Jocelyne DiRuggiero
2015 - Microbial Communities of the Atacama Desert as Model Systems for Dry Worlds
Habitable Worlds
Jon Vandegriff
2015 - Higher Order Products for Galileo/EPD Energetic Particles
PDART
Jorge Núñez
2015 - Advanced Multispectral Infrared Microimager (AMIM) for Planetary Surface Exploration
PICASSO
Joshua Cahill
2015 - Resurrecting and Improving Galileo NIMS Data for Planning, Targeting, and Scientific Analysis
PDART
Nancy Chabot
2015 - Investigating the Formation and Bulk Composition of Metallic Cores in the Early Solar System
Emerging Worlds
Neil Dello Russo
2015 - Characterizing the Nitrogen Inventory in Comets
Emerging Worlds
Noam Izenberg
2015 - MESSENGER Advanced Products: UV-NIR Hyperspectral Cubes, Energetic Electron Events, Thermal Neutron Maps, and Enhanced Gamma Ray Data Set
PDART
Huntingdon, PA
Juniata College
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Matthew Powell
2010 - Marine and Terrestrial Fossil Latitudinal Diversity Gradients and the Origin Of The Equatorial Peak in Marine Biodiversity
EXO
Livermore, CA
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
EXO, LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Hope Ishii
2011 - Deciphering Comet Wild 2 Dust: Refractory Component Formation, Analogue Capture Effects and Coordinated Analysis on New Stardust Particles
LARS
Nir Goldman
2015 - Self-Assembly of Prebiotic Organic Materials From Impact Events on Early Earth
2010 - Long Time-scale Reaction Dyna mics of Pre-biotic Materials
EXO
Los Alamos, NM
Los Alamos National Laboratory
EXO, LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Pierre-Alain Monnard
2008 - Prebiotic formation of membranes and the role of membranes in energy uptake: An essential step in the origin of protocellular life
EXO
Roger Wiens
2015 - Solar Wind Isotopic and Elemental Fractionation: Connecting GENESIS Mission Data to Solar Abundances
2010 - Solar-Wind Fractionation and Collectio n Contexts for GENESIS Solar Samples
LARS
Baton Rouge, LA
Louisiana State University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Brent Christner
2010 - DNA Repair Under Frozen Conditions: Implications for the Longevity of Microorganisms in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial ices
EXO
Gary King
2015 - Carbon Monoxide Oxidation by Extreme Halophiles as a Model for Exobiological Energy Metabolism
EXO
Huiming Bao
2011 - The 17O record of the Neoproterozoic snowball Earth in Kimberley, Western Australia
EXO
Flagstaff, AZ
Lowell Observatory
Habitable Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Evgenya Shkolnik
2015 - HAZMAT: Habitable Zones and M dwarf Activity Across Time
Habitable Worlds
Chicago, IL
Loyola University Chicago
LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Martina Schmeling
2014 - Analysis of Genesis Solar Wind Collectors by Total Reflection X - ray Fluorescence and Grazing Incidence X- ray Fluoresce nce Spectrometry
2010 - Analysis of Genesis Solar Wind Samples by Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
LARS
Houston, TX
Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI)
EXO, Habitable Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Qi Fu
2010 - Experimental Investigations on Reaction Pathways and Isotope Signatures of Abiotic Organic Synthesis in Hydrothermal Systems
EXO
Stephen Clifford
2015 - An Integrated Atmospheric and Subsurface Investigation of the Evolution of the Early Martian Hydrosphere: Implications for the Occurrence and Duration of Potentially Habitable Liquid Water Environments on a Cold Early Mars
Habitable Worlds
Woods Hole, MA
Marine Biological Laboratory
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Mitchell Sogin
CAN 1 Team (1998-2003): Environmental Genomes and Evolution of Complex Systems in Simple Organisms
NAI
Zoe Cardon
2008 - Leaping to land -- physiology and phylogeneti cs of microscopic desert green algae
EXO
Milwaukee, WI
Marquette University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Dmitri Babikov
2015 - Revealing the Role of Recombination Reactions in S-MIF
EXO
Boston, MA
Massachusetts General Hospital
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Jack Szostak
2015 - Roles for Peptides in the Origin of Life
2010 - Protocells and the Emergence of Cellular Life
2007 - Replicating Vesicles and the Emergence of Life
EXO
Cambridge, MA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EXO, NAI, Emerging Worlds, MatiSSE, EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Benjamin Weiss
2015 - Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Solar Nebula Magnetic Fields
Emerging Worlds
Maria Zuber
2015 - The Search for Extra-Terrestrial Genomes (SETG)
MatiSSE
Roger Summons
NAI – CAN 4 & 6 Team (2007-2017): Foundations of Complex Life: Evolution, Preservation and Detection on Earth and Beyond
EXO – 2009 - Molecular and Isotopic Studies of Two Contrasting Mass Extinction Events
EXO, NAI
Shuhei Ono
2014 - Photochemistry And Spectroscopy Of Sulfur Dioxide, Sulfur Monoxide And Elemental Sulfur As Source Reactions For Archean Sulfur Mass-Independent Isotope Fractionation
2010 - Laboratory Photochemistry Experiments to Identify the Source Reaction for the Archean Sulfur Mass-independent Isotope Effects
2007 - A Multi-Proxy Search for Atmospheric Oxyg en in the 2.9 Ga Pongola Supergroup, Southern Africa
EXO
Erie, PA
Mercyhurst College
PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Nicholas Lang
2015 - A 1:5M scale geologic map of the Mahuea Tholus quadrangle (V-49), Venus
PDART
East Lansing, MI
Michigan State University
NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Michael Thomashow
CAN 2 Team (2001-2006): Center for Genomic and Evolutionary Studies on Microbial Life at Low Temperature
NAI
Sunnyvale, CA
Molecular Research Institute
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
David Woon
2007 - Theoretical Studies of the Extraterrestr ial Chemistry of Biogenic Elements and Compounds
EXO
Bozeman, MT
Montana State University
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
David Ward
2015 - Comprehensive Comparison of Taxonomic Composition and Metabolic Functioning in Oxygenic and Anoxygenic Microbial Mats of Yellowstone Hot springs
2009 - Molecular and Geochemical Analysis of Anoxygenic Phototrophic Bacteria in Hot Spring Microbial Mats as Stromatolite Analogs
EXO
Eric Boyd
2012 - Linking Bioenergetics and Physicochemical Environment with the Distribution and Diversity of Hydrogenases in Microbial Co mmunities Supported by Geothermally - Sourced Hydrogen
EXO
John Peters
CAN 4 Team (2007-2014): Formation of the Basic Building Blocks for Life
NAI
Mark Skidmore
2015 - Microbe-Mineral Interactions in Glaciated Basaltic Terrains
2010 - Methane cycling in subglacial sediments
EXO
Mountain View, CA
NASA Ames Research Center
PSTAR, EXO, Habitable Worlds , NAI, PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Andrew Mattioda
2010 -Space Environment Viability of Organics (SEVO): Laboratory Studies and Interpretation of the Organisms/Organics Exposure to Orbital Stresses (O/OREOS) Nanosatellite Mission Results
EXO
Andrew Pohorille
2014 - Towards Co-Evolution Of Membrane Proteins And Metabolism
2010 - The Origin and Early Evolution of Ion Channels
2007 - Mechanisms and early evolution of protocellular transport
EXO
Arthur Weber
2007 - Prebiotic synthesis of autocatalytic and se lf-replicating molecules from sugars as the primary carbon substrate
EXO
Brad Bebout
2007 - Methanogenesis in Hypersaline Environments: The Use of Carbon and Hydrogen Isotopic Signatures to Evaluate the Bioge nicity of Methane in a Mars Analogue Environment and on Mars
EXO
Brian Glass
2015 - ARADS: Atacama Rover Astrobiology Drilling Studies
PSTAR
Chenyu Wei
2015 - Evolutionary Mechanisms of Simple genomes
EXO
Darlene Lim
2015 - BASALT: Biologic Analog Science Associated with Lava Terrains
PSTAR
David Blake
2014 - X-ray μ-Mapping Spectrometer
PICASSO
David Des Marais
NAI – CAN 1, 3 & 5 Team (1998-2015): Linking Our Origins to Our Destiny
EXO – 2014 - Transformations and Fates of Lipid Biomarkers in Microbial Mat Ecosystems
EXO – 2011 - Transformations and Fates of Lipid Biomarkers in Microbial Mat Ecosystems
NAI
David Summers
2015 - Very Low Temperature Detection of Microbial Metabolism
2010 - Chemistry Inside Vesicles Driven by Mineral Particle Photocatalysis
EXO
George Cooper
2015 - Precursors to the Citric Acid Cycle and Metabolism: A Mechanistic Investigation of Metabolic Intermediates Detected in Carbonaceous Meteorites
2007 - Enantiomeric and Isotopic Analysis of sugar derivatives and recently discovered compounds in carbonaceous meteorites
EXO
Ken Cullings
2014 - New Lineages of Microbial Endosymbionts of the Basidiomycete Extremophile Pisolithus; Early Origins, Evolution and Biogeography
EXO
Kevin Zahnle
2010 - Photochemistry and Impact-induced Shock Chemistry of Ancient Atmospheres
2007 - Photochemistry and impact-induced shock ch emistry on Earth, Titan, comets, and beyond
EXO
Linda Jahnke
2008 - Organic Biomarkers: Community Divers ity and Preservation in Silica-Rich Hydrothermal Systems with Implications to Mars
EXO
Mark Ditzler
2015 - Impact of Local Environments on the Functional Potential of RNA
EXO
Max Bernstein
2007 - A Laboratory Study of Low-Temperature I ce Photo-Chemistry as a Contributor to the Chemical, Chiral, and Isotopic Di versity of Meteoritic Amino Acids
EXO
Oana Marcu
2010 - The Elemental Signature of Cells Reflects the Redox Balance Required for Survival in Extreme Environments
EXO
Richard Jaffe
2007 - Quantum Chemistry Study of Prebiotic Geochemistry Mechanisms: Reduction Reactions on Mineral Surfaces
EXO
Richard Quinn
2011 - "OREOCUBE" ORganics Exposure in Orbit
EXO
Scott Sandford
NAI – CAN 7 Team (2015-2017): The Evolution of Prebiotic Chemical Complexity and the Organic Inventory of Protoplanetary Disks and Primordial Planets
EXO – 2012 - The Photolytic Production of Sugars and Related Organic Compounds in Astrophysical Ice Analogs: Comparisons with Meteorites
NAI
Thomas Bristow
2015 - Factors influencing the Habitability of Fe-Rich Systems on Mars
Habitable Worlds
Tori Hoehler
2008 - Quantifying the Habitability of Low- Temperature Serpentinizing Systems
EXO
Greenbelt, MD
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Emerging Worlds, Habitable Worlds , MatiSSE, NAI, PICASSO, PDART, EXO, EXO, Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Arevalo Ricardo
2015 - AROMA: Advanced Resolution Organic Molecule Analyzer
PICASSO
Daniel Glavin
2009 - Investigating the Distribution and Nitrogen Isotopic Composition of Nucleobases in Carbonaceous Meteorites
2007 - Investigating the Distribution and Isotopic Composition of Purines and Pyrimidines in Carbonaceous Meteorites
EXO
James Abshire
2014 - MARLI: MARs LIdar for global climate measurements from orbit
PICASSO
Jamie Elsila
Emerging Worlds – 2015 - Assessing the Isotopic and Enantiomeric Composition of Meteoritic Amino Acid Precursors
EXO – 2012 - Understanding the Origins of Homochirality thro ugh Meteoritic Hydroxy Acids
EXO, Emerging Worlds
Jennifer Eigenbrode
2008 - Signatures of Life in Ice (SLIce): A mu ltidisciplinary investigation of organic signatures and habitat of life in surface glacial ice
EXO
Joseph Nuth
2010 - Trapping Planetary Noble Gases during the Fischer-Tropsch-Type Synthesis of Organic Materials in the Primitive Solar Nebula
EXO
Lucy Lim
2014 - A Miniature Electron Probe for In Situ Elemental Microanalysis
PICASSO
Lynn Carter
2015 - Scalable Beamforming Radar Processor for High Resolution Imaging of Planetary Surfaces
PICASSO
Marc Kuchner
2015 - Investigating the history of destructive collisions in the asteroid and Kuiper belts
Emerging Worlds
Marla Moore
2008 - "Investigating the Formation, Stability and Enantiomeric Ratios of Non-Protein Amino Acids in Low-Temperature Condensed-Phase Reactions"
EXO
Michael Callahan
2014 - Exploring the Fate of Heterocyclic Compounds in Complex Prebiotic Mixtures
EXO
Mike Mumma
CAN 3, 5 & 7 Team (2003-2019): Origin and Evolution of Organics in Planetary Systems
NAI
Sander Goossens
2015 - Localized analysis of GRAIL data for high-resolution gravity field determination
PDART
Shawn Domagal-Goldman
2015 - Organic Habitable Worlds: Simulating Habitable Zones for Organic-Rich Atmospheres
Habitable Worlds
Stephanie Getty
2015 - MACROS: Molecular Analyzer for Complex Refractory Organic-rich Surfaces
PICASSO
Steven Charnley
2011 - Interstellar Precursors of Meteoritic Organics - A Theoretical Study
EXO
Valeria Cottini
2015 - Restoration, Calibration and Archiving of Voyager IRIS Observations
PDART
William Brinckerhoff
2013 - Linear Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer (LITMS)
MatiSSE
Pasadena, CA
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Habitable Worlds , MatiSSE, NAI, PICASSO, PDART, PSTAR, EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Aaron Noell
2015 - Near-surface habitability of icy worlds
Habitable Worlds
Aaron Parness
2015 - FreeClimber: Analyzing Steep Terrain and Subsurface Habitability on Mars and Earth
PSTAR
Alan Kleinsasser
2015 - High temperature superconductor bolometers for spectral imaging of cold planetary objects
PICASSO
Alexandre Tsapin
2009 - Martian Oxidant
EXO
Boris Karasik
2015 - Frequency agile heterodyne detector for submillimeter spectroscopy of planets and comets
PICASSO
Brian Drouin
2014 - Spectrometer On a Chip
PICASSO
Bryana Henderson
2015 - Microbial Habitability and Diagenesis on Europa's Surface under Radiation
Habitable Worlds
Corey Cochrane
2015 - Miniaturized solid-state based vector magnetometer for planetary field mapping
PICASSO
Diana Blaney
2013 - Ultra Compact Imaging Spectrometer (UCIS) Maturation
MatiSSE
Estelle Deau
2015 - Saturn's F ring in 360 degrees
PDART
Goutam Chattopadhyay
2013 - Planetary Instrument for Submillimeter-wave Surface and Atmospheric Reconnaissance and Research in Orbit (PISSARRO)
MatiSSE
Gregory Sadowy
2013 - Multi-Mission Subsurface Imaging Radar
MatiSSE
Isik Kanik
NAI – CAN 5 & 7 Team (2009-2019): Astrobiology of Icy Worlds: Habitability, Survivability, and Detectability
EXO – 2008 - A LABORATORY INVESTIGATION ON THE ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF LIFE
NAI
Jordanna Backsberg
2015 - High-speed Pulsed Raman (HiPuR) for Identification of Minerals and Organics
PICASSO
Karl Mitchell
PDART – 2015 - High resolution terrain models from rigorous stereo analysis of Venus Magellan SAR imagery
PSTAR – 2015 - Robotic geometric characterization of subterranean voids: Constraining the influence of vent shape on volcanic eruption dynamics
PDART
Ken Cooper
2015 - A Doppler Radar/Spectrometer for Characterization of Gas and Dust on Primative Bodies and Icy Moons
MatiSSE
Kenneth Nealson
CAN 1 Team (1998-2003): Definition and Detection of Biosignatures
NAI
Kevin Hand
2010 - Laboratory Investigation of the Workman-Re ynolds Effect as Applied to Icy Worlds and Snowball Earth
EXO
Mark Allen
CAN 5 Team (2009-2015): Titan as a Prebiotic Chemical System
NAI
Michael Pauken
2015 - Planetary Heat-Flux Sensor for Venus
PICASSO
Murthy Gudipati
2015 - Towards Miniaturization of Instrumentation for In-Situ Organic Detection: Hands-Off PicoTOF
PICASSO
Paul Backes
2015 - The BiBlade Sampler for Small Body Sample Return Matured for a Comet Surface Sample Return Mission
MatiSSE
Paul Johnson
2008 - Chemistry of Biomarkers in Planetary Ices: A Laboratory Investigation
EXO
Peter A. Willis
2014 - Microfluidic Life Analyzer (MILA)
PICASSO
Robert Hodyss
2015 - Low Temperature Organic Synthesis on Icy Surfaces
Habitable Worlds
Rohit Bhartia
2015 - Wire-line Analysis Tool for Subsurface Observations of Northern-ice-sheets: The WATSON Project
PSTAR
Ryan Briggs
2014 - Low-Power Long-Wavelength Infrared Sources for Tunable Laser Spectrometers on New Frontiers and Discovery Missions
PICASSO
Soon Sam Kim
2015 - Catalytic Binuclear Manganese Centers as Biosignatures for Martian Exobiology
EXO
Houston, TX
NASA Johnson Space Center
Emerging Worlds, Habitable Worlds , NAI, EXO, LARS, Emerging Worlds, LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Aaron Burton
2014 - A Highly Sensitive Instrument To Measure Enantiomeric Excesses Of Meteoritc Hydroxy Acids
EXO
David McKay
CAN 1 Team (1998-2003): Center for the Study of Biomarkers in Astromaterials
NAI
David Mittlefehldt
Origins of Mafic Achondrites: Testing Hypotheses
Emerging Worlds
Douglas Ming
2012 - UV Photolysis of Organics in Martian Mineral A nalogs: Implications for Habitability and Biosignature Survival
EXO
Everett Gibson
2008 - ELEMENTAL, ISOTOPIC, AND STRU CTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EARTH'S EARLIEST LIFE: Implications for Recognizing Remnants of Early Microbial Life on Earth and Elsewhere
EXO
Keiko Nakamura-Messenger
2015 - Nano-Scale Anatomy and Multi-Analytical Studies of Stardust Mission Samples
LARS
Lindsay Keller
Emerging Worlds – 2015 - Coordinated Analyses of Early Solar System Materials
LARS – 2015 - Coordinated Analyses of Hayabusa Samples from the Regolith of Asteroid 25143 Itokawa
LARS – 2012 - Coordinated Analysis of Hayabusa Mission Samples
Emerging Worlds, LARS
Michael Zolensky
2014 - Mineralogical Analysis of Stardust and Hayabusa Samples
2010 - Wild-2 Mineralogy
LARS
Paul Niles
2015 - Evaluating Aqueous Martian Environments Through Coordinated Analysis of Carbonates in Martian Meteorite EETA 79001
Habitable Worlds
Scott Messenger
2011 - Multianalytical Studies of Stardust Mission Samples
LARS
Huntsville, AL
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Jessica Gaskin
2015 - A Miniaturized Variable Pressure Scanning Electron Microscope for In-Situ Use on Mars
PICASSO
Tallahassee, FL
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Munir Humayun
2012 - Magnesium Isotopic Composition of the Solar Wind by ICP-MS Analysis
LARS
Monterey, CA
Naval Research Laboratory
LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Rhonda Stroud
2014 - Microanalysis of Stardust Cometary and Interstellar Samples
2011 - Acquisition of PRISM: a Picometer-Resolution Imaging and Spectroscopy Microscope
2011 - Structure-Isotope Studies of Extrasolar and Nebular Processing Signatures in Stardust Crater and Track Samples
LARS
1780 E University Ave, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
New Mexico State University
PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Nancy Chanover
2015 - A Fiber-Coupled Plasmonic Spectrometer for In Situ Characterization of Solar System Surfaces
PICASSO
Evanston, IL
Northwestern University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Magdalena Osburn
2015 - Lipid Biomarkers of the Deep Subsurface Biosphere
EXO
[geocoding failed]
Oakland University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Fabia Ursula Battistuzzi
2015 - Innovative Molecular Timing Applications to Obtain Accurate Histories of Early Life
EXO
State College, PA
Pennsylvania State University
EXO, Habitable Worlds , NAI, Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Chris House
CAN 5 Team (2009-2015): Signatures of Life From Earth and Beyond
NAI
Christine Keating
2012 - Pre - Cellular Compartmentalization in Aqueous Phase Droplets as a Route to Functional Nucleic Acids
EXO
Hiroshi Ohmoto
CAN 1 Team (1998-2008): Early Earth Environment
NAI
James Kasting
Emerging Worlds – 2015 - Water Loss and Hydrogen Escape from Early Venus
Habitable Worlds – 2015 - Are O2 and O3 Reliable Biosignature Gases in Exoplanet Atmospheres?
EXO – 2012 - 3 - D Models of Thin - ice/Jormungand Snowball Earth States With Sea - Glacier Flow Included
EXO – 2008 - Habitable Planets: Oxygen and Climate
Emerging Worlds
Katherine Freeman
2012 - Carbon Biosignatu res of Early Ecosystems: Picomolar Scale Compound - Specific Isotope Analyses (Pico - CSIA)
EXO
Ravi Kumar Kopparapu
2015 - Determining the Inner Edge of the Habitable Zone Around M-Dwarf Stars Using 3-D Climate Models
Habitable Worlds
Timothy Bralower
2011 - In search of a refuge: Phytoplankton survival at the Cretaceous/Paleogene Boundary
2007 - Biotic Recovery After Mass Extinction: Ecological Response to the Cretaceous/Paleogene Boundary Event
EXO
Tucson, AZ
Planetary Science Institute
PSTAR, EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Elisabetta Pierazzo
2009 - Impacts and environmental catastrophes: Investigating the effects of impact events on the climate system
EXO
Kimberly Kuhlman
2010 - Investigation of the Spatial Relationships of Bacteria Associated with Rock Varnish
EXO
Natalia Artemieva
2015 - Extraterrestrial Cause for Mass Extinctions - Reassessing the Hazard
EXO
R. Yingst
2015 - Defining Rover Science Protocols for Robotic Sample Return
PSTAR
Portland, OR
Portland State University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Anna-Louise Reysenbach
2015 - Evolution and Diversification of Nanoarchaeota and Korarchaeota
EXO
Dirk Iwata-Reuyl
2007 - Molecular and genetic investigations of RNA stability in hyperthermophilic Archaea
EXO
John Perona
2015 - Biological Sulfur Metabolism on the Anaerobic Earth
EXO
Niles Lehman
2014 - How Game Theory Applied To Chemistry Can Inform The Origins Of Life
2010 - Empirical Examination of Hy percycles in the RNA World
2007 - A Self-assembling Collectively Autocatalytic Set of RNA Oligomers
EXO
Radu Popa
2008 - Biosignatures in Volcanic Rocks - Microwe athering of Olivine on Earth and Mars
EXO
Sherry Cady
2011 - Pilot Study: Optimization of Carbonaceous Biosignature Analysis and Detection in Mineralizing Ecosystems
EXO
Hovde (Frederick L.) Hall of Administration, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Purdue University
PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Robert Graham Cooks
2015 - New Scan Modes in Ion Trap Mass Spectrometers for Planetary Exploration
PICASSO
Troy, NY
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
EXO, EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Douglas Whittet
NAI – CAN 5 Team (2009-2015): Setting the Stage for Life: From Interstellar Clouds to Early Earth and Mars
EXO – 2010 - "Evolution of Preplanetary Matter in An alogs of the early Solar System: From Spitzer to SOFIA and JWST"
EXO – 2009 - Evolution of preplanetary matter in analogs of the early solar system
EXO, NAI
Karyn Rogers
2015 - Abiotic RNA Polymerization in Early Earth Environments
EXO
Houston, TX
Rice University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Janet Siefert
2008 - Borrowing Biological Innovation: HGT in an Ancient Mariene Heterotroph
EXO
Jonathan Silberg
2015 - Understanding Evolution of Redox Transduction Through Ferredoxins, Iron-Sulfur Proteins That Control Energy Flow
2008 - Temperature effects on protein evolution
EXO
New Brunswick, NJ
Rutgers University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Paul Falkowski
2015 - The Chemical Transformation of Minerals by Light and the Evolution of Prebiotic Metabolism
2007 - Biosignatures in Evolving Planetary Atmospheres
EXO
Mountain View, CA
SETI Institute
Emerging Worlds, NAI, PICASSO, PDART, PSTAR, EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Alessandra Ricca
2012 - The Formation and Detection of Biogenic Aromatics in Dense Molecular Clouds around Embedded Protostars
EXO
Alfonso Davila
2011 - Life at the dry limit: Cyanobacteria inside halite pinnacles in the Atacama desert
EXO
Arthur Weber
2015 - Prebiotic Sugar-Driven Synthesis of Pyrazin-2-One and 2-Aminopyrazine Monomers and Oligomers, Chemical Models of Pre-RNA Replicating Molecules
EXO
Dale Andersen
2008 - Deep-water Microbialites in a Perennially Ice-covered Lake: A Key to Interpreting Ancient Microbialite Morphology
EXO
Friedemann Freund
2010 - Preformed Complex Organic Molecules from the Matrix of M agmatic Minerals
2007 - Hydrogen in the Rock Column
EXO
Gozen Ertem
2010 - Mars Simulation Measurements (MSM): Survivability of Organic Molecules Adsorbed on or Occluded in Minerals under Ionizing Radiation
EXO
Janice Bishop
2012 - Low Temperature Characterization of Hydrohalite and Related Salts Essential to Life in the Atacama
EXO
Jennifer Blank
2008 - An experimental study of the generation and enantiomeric enrichment of sugars and amino acids in cometary impacts
EXO
John Skok
2015 - Seeking Signs of Life in an Ancient Martian Hot Spring
PSTAR
Mark Showalter
2015 - Integrating Hubble Data Sets into the Planetary Data System
PDART
Mary Parenteau
2015 - Biosynthesis of 3-Methylhopanoids by Purple Non-Sulfur Anoxygenic Phototrophs
2015 - Remotely Detectable Photosynthetic Biosignatures
EXO
Matija Cuk
2015 - Early Dynamics of Planetary Satellites
Emerging Worlds
Nathalie Cabrol
NAI – CAN 7 Team (2015-2019): Changing Planetary Environments and the Fingerprints of Life
EXO – 2008 - Thermal Behavior and Detection of Caves on Earth and Mars
NAI
Phillippe Sarrazin
2015 - Miniature Guinier X-ray Diffraction Instrument for Planetary Exploration
PICASSO
Richard Quinn
2009 - Astrobiological Investigations of Martia n Perchlorate and Carbonate Containing Soils
EXO
Rocco Mancinelli
CAN 3 Team (2003-2008): Planetary Biology, Evolution and Intelligence
NAI
Steven Charnley
2007 - Interstellar Precursors of Meteoritic Organics - A Theoretical Study
EXO
La Jolla, CA
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Douglas Bartlett
2010 - Active Microbial Populations at Depth
EXO
Gustaf Arrhenius
2007 - Search for traces of life in Earth's oldest rocks
EXO
La Jolla, CA
Scripps Research Institute
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Donna Blackmond
2011 - Probing "Original Syn" in the RNA World
EXO
Gerald Joyce
2014 - Evolution of Catalytic RNA and the Origins of Life
2010 - Evolution of Catalytic RNA and the Origins of Life
2007 - Evolution of Catalytic RNA and the Origins of Life
EXO
M. Reza Ghadiri
2011 - Dynamic Covalent Assembly and Selection of Prebiotically Plausible Informational Oligomers
2008 - Dynamic Covalent Assembly and Selection of Prebiotically Plausible Informational Oligomers
EXO
Ramanarayanan Krishnamurthy
2015 - In Search of Simpler Genetic Systems
2011- Orotic Acid and Orotidine: Towards an Understanding of their Selection
2009 - Exploring the Chemistry of Glyoxylate a nd Dihydroxyfumarate in the Context of the Origin of Life Problem
2007 - Search for Potentially Pr imordial Genetic Systems
EXO
Reza Ghadiri
CAN 1 Team (1998-2003): Understanding the Origins of Life
NAI
Cambridge, MA
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Eric Silver
2012 - Spectroscopic Imaging and Trace Element Analysis of Cometary Material and Interstellar Dust Using an X-Ray Microcalorimeter and A Low Vacuum Scanning Electron Microscope
2011 - Advanced Chemical Analysis of Cometary Material and Interstellar Dust Using a Microcalorimeter and A Low Vacuum Scanning Electron Microscope
LARS
New York, NY
Smithsonian Institution
Emerging Worlds, LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Glenn MacPherson
Emerging Worlds – 2015 - Geochemistry and Chronology of Primitive Solar System Materials
LARS – 2012 - Using Time - of - Flight SIMS Analysis to Assess the Cleanliness of Genesis Collector Materials
Emerging Worlds
Julia Goreva
2014 - Enabling Genesis science objectives through the Time - of - Flight SIMS analyses as a part of Genesis Collector Materials Cleaning Effort
LARS
Timothy McCoy
2015 - Alteration, metamorphism and melting in the Fe-S-O system
Emerging Worlds
San Antonio, TX
Southwest Research Institute
Emerging Worlds, MatiSSE, PICASSO, EXO, Habitable Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
David Stillman
2014 - Next-Generation Ground Penetrating Radar for Mars, the Moon, and Asteroids
PICASSO
F. Scott Anderson
2015 - Maturing the CODEX Strontium Laser Subsystem to TRL 6
MatiSSE
Robert E. Grimm
2015 - Airborne Electromagnetic Sounding of the Interiors of Venus, Mars, and Titan
PICASSO
Robin Canup
2015 - Origin of Phobos and Deimos
Emerging Worlds
Simone Marchi
EXO – 2015 - Environmental Effects of Asteroidal Bombardment on the Hadean Earth
Habitable Worlds – 2015 - Environmental Consequences of Asteroidal Bombardment on Early Mars
EXO, Habitable Worlds
Thomas Prettyman
2015 - Ultra-bright scintillator for planetary gamma ray spectroscopy
PICASSO
Boulder, CO
Space Science Institute
Emerging Worlds, PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Erica Rodgers
2015 - Magnetically Aligned Dust Grains in Low Mass Young Stellar Objects
Emerging Worlds
Joshua Bandfield
2015 - Production and validation of Planetary Fourier Spectrometer calibrated radiance
PDART
Luca Montabone
2015 - Creating an improved multiannual dust climatology dataset for Mars
PDART
Stanford, CA
Stanford University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Christopher Lowe
2012 - Experiments in Body Plans: Evolutionary Origins of the Echinoderm Radial Body Plan
EXO
Jonathan Payne
2009 - Testing End-Permian Mass Extinction Scenarios Using Calcium Isotopes
EXO
Paula Welander
2015 - Does the Bacterial Production of the Eukaryotic biomarker Tetrahymanol Impact our Interpretation of Gammacerane Biosignatures in the Geological Record?
EXO
Plattsburgh, NY
State University of New York at Plattsburgh (SUNY)
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
George Flynn
EXO – 2010 - Characterization of Organic Matter in Interplanetary Dust Particles: Analysis of Organic Grain Coatings to Constrain the Production Mechanisms of Early Solar System Organic Matter
LARS – 2010 - Elemental, Mineralogical, and Organic Analysis of Wild 2 and Interstellar Samples Collected by Stardust
EXO – 2007 - Carbon, Nitrogen, and Oxygen Identification and Characterization in Interplanetary Dust Particles: An Examination of Primitive Organic Matter from the Solar System and the Interstellar Medium
EXO
Stony Brook, NY
Stony Brook University
EXO, LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Martin Schoonen
2007 - Role of Minerals in Prebiotic Chemistry
EXO
Paul Northrup
2012 - A new tender-energy X-ray microprobe user facility for analysis of returned samples
LARS
Philadelphia, PA
Temple University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Robert Stanley
2012 - DNA Repair Under Extreme Conditions
EXO
Lubbock, TX
Texas Tech University
PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Seiichi Nagihara
2015 - Processing and addition of ALSEP high-order data products and metadata to the Planetary Data System
PDART
Laurel, MD
The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Louise Prockter
2008 - Effects of radiation damage on th e geology of Europa and Ganymede
EXO
Athens, GA
The University of Georgia
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Samantha Joye
2010 - Distinguishing Biotic and Abiotic Nitrous Oxide Sources in Mars Analog Brines, Sediments, and Soils in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica
EXO
Menlo Park, CA
U. S. Geological Survey - CA
EXO, PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Brent Archinal
2015 - Improved Lunar Terrain Models through Simultaneous Line Scan Sensor Motion Modeling and Altimeter Data Adjustment
PDART
Christopher Isbell
2015 - Planetary Data System Archive of Lunar Mapping and Modeling Program (LMMP) Products
PDART
Ronald Oremland
2014 - Light Hydrocarbon Metabolism as a Basis For Microbial Life and its Detection in Oxygen-Free Settings: Mars and the Planet(Oids) of the Outer Solar System
EXO
Ryan Anderson
2015 - Generation of a Database of Laboratory Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) Spectra and Associated Analysis Software
PDART
Reston, VA
U.S. Geological Survey - VA
PSTAR, EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Glen Cushing
2012 - Constraining Morphologies of Candidate Martian Cave - Entrances
2009 - Characterization of pit-crater/cave int eractions for comparison of Earth/Mars analogs
EXO
Mary Chapman
2007 - Upper Triassic Mass Extinction Event: Study Of 214 Ma And 201 Ma Rocks On The Colorado Plateau
EXO
Ronald Oremland
2014 - Light Hydrocarbon Metabolism as a Basis For Microbial Life and its Detection in Oxygen-Free Settings: Mars and the Planet(Oids) of the Outer Solar System
2009 - Continued Investigations of Alternative Anaerobic Biogeochemical Redox Cycles in Volcanic, Hypersaline Environments: Ea rth, Mars, and Europa. A re-renewal request
2007 - Acetylene as a Substrate for the Developm ent of Anaerobic Microbial Ecosystems on Primordial Earth: Implications for Micro bial Life on Planets and Satellites with Jovian/Titan-like Atmospheres
EXO
Rosalyn Hayward
2015 - Measuring Sediment Flux at a Mars Analog Site Using Multilayer Solid-State Saltation Sensors
PSTAR
Tucson, AZ
University of Arizona
EXO, Habitable Worlds , NAI, PICASSO, Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Alexander Pavlov
2009 - Snowball Glaciations and Climate Stability on the Early Earth
EXO
DeWayne Halfen
2010 - Tracing Prebiotic Organic Compounds from Interstellar Clouds to the Solar System
EXO
Hiroshi Imanaka
2009 - Organic aerosols in the early Earth atmo sphere: Reaction network and its isotope signature
EXO
Isamu Matsuyama
2015 - Subsurface Oceans in Icy Satellites
Habitable Worlds
Jason Corliss
2015 - All-Reflective Spatial Heterodyne Spectroscopy: Extending High Sensitivity Velocity Resolved Measurements of Solar System Dynamics into the EUV
PICASSO
Mark Smith
2008 - Origins and Functional Potential in Co mplex Prebiological Molecules: Titan Tholins and related Organics
EXO
Matthew Pasek
2007 - Reduced Phosphorus Assemblages as Sources of Reactive P the Origin and Evolution of Early Life
EXO
Neville Woolf
CAN 3 Team (2003-2008): An Astronomical Search for the Essential Ingredients for Life: Placing Our Habitable System in Context
NAI
Richard Michod
2012 - Steps to Multicellularity
EXO
Thomas Zega
2015 - Origins of refractory material in stellar systems from an atomistic to a macroscale perspective
Emerging Worlds
Fayetteville, AR
University of Arkansas
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Daniel Lessner
2011 - Iron - sulfur Clusters in the Evolution of the Enzymatic Synthesis of RNA
EXO
Berkeley, CA
University of California, Berkeley
EXO, LARS, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Andrew Westphal
2015 - Coordinated synchrotron, TEM and ion microprobe analyses of Stardust cometary samples
2014 - Stardust Interstellar Dust Collector: identification of candidates, preliminary analyses, advanced sample preparation
2012 - Stardust Interstellar Dust Collection: comprehensive search for candidates and preparation for mineralogical and isotopic analyses
2011 - Coordinated Synchrotron X-Ray Microprobe, TEM, and Ion Microprobe Analysis of Stardust Cometary Samples
2010 - Scanning Electron Microscope fo r Genesis and Stardust Analysis
LARS
Eric Korpela
2009 - Arecibo Multibeam Sky Survey for Direct Detection of Inhabited Planets
EXO
Jill Banfield
CAN 3 Team (2003-2008): BIOspheres of Mars: Ancient and Recent Studies
NAI
Kunihiko Nishiizumi
2015 - Radionuclides from the Sun: Development of Surface Cleaning Methods for Detection of Millions Atoms Radionuclides in Genesis Mo-Pt Foils and Applying for Detection of Chlorine in Si Target
2012 - Surface Exposure History of Asteroid 25143 Itokawa : Measurement of Cosmogenic Nuclides in Hayabusa Samples
2012 - Acquisition of ICP-MS: Elemental Analysis of Small Samples for Cosmogenic Nuclide Studies
LARS
Davis, CA
University of California, Davis
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Bill Casey
2011 - Metal isotope measurements and calculations
2007 - What are the Mg Isotopic-Signals for Photosynthesis?
EXO
Dawn Sumner
2012- Microbialite Morphology in Lake Joyce, Antarctica
EXO
Los Angeles, CA
University of California, Los Angeles
EXO, LARS, NAI, NAI, Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Bruce Runnegar
CAN 1 Team (1998-2003): Detection of Life in the Solar System
NAI
Edward Young
Emerging Worlds – 2015 - Isotopic Constraints on Rock Formation in the Early Solar System
NAI – CAN 3 Team (2003-2008): Detection of Life in the Solar System
NAI, Emerging Worlds
James Lyons
2012 - Absorption Measurements of SO2 Isotopologues with Application to Sulfur Isotope Mass - Independent Fractionation during SO2 Photolysis
2010 - Absorption measurements of SO2 isotopologues with application to sulfur isotope mass-independent fractionation during SO2 photolysis
2007 - Quantum chemical and chemical kinetics calculations of sulfur and sulfur exchange reactions related to mass-independent fractionation of sulfur isotopes
EXO
Kevin McKeegan
2012 - Investigations of the Solar Nebula from the Sun to the Kuiper Belt
LARS
Merced, CA
University of California, Merced
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Jason Raymond
2008 - The Molecular Basis of Complexity: Using Network Analysis to Understand Evolution
EXO
Riverside, CA
University of California, Riverside
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Christopher Switzer
2009 - Search for a pre-RNA
EXO
Mary Droser
2014 - Catching the 'Second Wave' of the Ediacara Biota: Assessing the Role of Environment, Ecology and Diagenesis
2010 - Constraining the Reign and Fall of the Ediacara Biota
EXO
Timothy Lyons
NAI – CAN 7 Team (2015-2019): Alternative Earths: Explaining Persistent Inhabitation on a Dynamic Early Earth
EXO – 2011 - Tracking Earth's early oxygenation using chromium isotopes
NAI
La Jolla, CA
University of California, San Diego
Emerging Worlds, EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Mark Thiemens
Emerging Worlds – 2015 - Determination of photochemical isotopic fractionation factors in nitrogen and carbon in the VUV/ UV photodissociation of N2, and other nitrogen bearing species, and carbon monoxide and their relevance to meteoritic observations
LARS – 2015 - Determination of Solar Wind Sulfur and Oxygen Isotopic Composition from the Genesis non-Concentrator and Concentrator Collectors by Stable Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry through Laser Fluorination
LARS – 2011 - Nanometer Scale Infrared Spectral Mapping of Crystalline and Amorphous SiO2,SiC, and Nitrile Functional Groups in Returned Samples
Emerging Worlds
Ulrich Muller
2015 - In Vitro Selection of Ribozymes to Study the Emergence of an RNA World
2012 - In Vitro Evolution and Engineering of Nucleoside Triphosphatase Ribozymes for an RNA World Organism
EXO
Santa Barbara, CA
University of California, Santa Barbara
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Irene Chen
2015 - The Evolvability of Ribozymes for the Genetic Code
EXO
Mattanjah de Vries
2011 - A Bottom - up Approach to Understanding UV Hardiness in Prebiotic Nucleic Acids
EXO
Chicago, IL
University of Chicago
EXO, LARS, Habitable Worlds , Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Andrew Davis
2015 - Stardust and Genesis with CHILI: isotopic and chemical analysis of cometary and interstellar dust and solar wind
2010 - Development of the Ion Nanoprobe (CHILI ), A New Instrument for Isotopic and Chemical Measurement of Returned Sa mples at the Few-Nanometer Scale
LARS
Andrew Krug
2012 - Pruning the Tree of Life: Evolution and Ecology in Response to the Late Ordovician Mass Extinction
EXO
David Jablonski
2015 - Multidimensional Analysis of the End-Cretaceous Extinction and Its Consequences: Form, Function, and Taxonomic Diversity
2009 - The Impact of the Impact: Evolutionary and Biogeographic Effects of the K-T Impact
EXO
Dorian Abbot
2015 - Ocean and Cryosphere Dynamics and Habitability: Through Thick and Thin Ice
Habitable Worlds
Fred Ciesla
2011 - The Formation and Water Content of Planets Around Low - Mass Stars
EXO
Vikram Dwarkadas
2015 - Why was there so much 26Al and so little 60Fe in the early solar system?
Emerging Worlds
Cincinnati, OH
University of Cincinnati
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Arnold Miller
2010 - Epicontinental Seas Versus Shallow Ocea n-Facing Settings: Mass Extinction and Diversification in Two Different Worlds?
EXO
Boulder, CO
University of Colorado, Boulder
Habitable Worlds , MatiSSE, NAI, EXO, EXO, NAI, EXO, Habitable Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Alexis Templeton
NAI – CAN 7 Team (2015-2019): Rock-Powered Life: Revealing Mechanisms of Energy Flow From the Lithosphere to the Biosphere
EXO – 2012 - Elemental Sulfur Deposits as Astrobiological Targets: Formation and Preservation of S in Low - Temperature Sulfide Springs Relevant to Mars and Europa
EXO, NAI
Brian Hynek
2008 - Cerro Negro, Nicaragua: An analog for assessing the potential for life on early Mars
EXO
Bruce Jakosky
CAN 1 & 3 Teams (1998-2008): Origin of Stars and Planets and the Development of Habitable Planets
NAI
Margaret Tolbert
2007 - Aerosols and Clouds on Early Earth
EXO
Owen Toon
Habitable Worlds – 2015 - Habitable climates on early Mars
EXO – 2010 - The Faint Young Sun Problem in the Ea rly Biotic Atmosphere of the Earth
EXO, Habitable Worlds
Rob Knight
2008 - Measuring the abundance of the simplest functional RNAs
EXO
Stephen Mojzsis
2007 - Exploring The Late Heavy Bombdment
EXO
Thomas McCollom
2007 - Experimental Investigation of Prebiotic Organic Geochemistry in Hydrothermal Environments
EXO
Veronica Vaida
2015 - Harnessing Energy From Stellar Radiation to Generate Metabolic Precursors
Habitable Worlds
Zoltan Sternovsky
2013 - High-performance in-situ dust analyzer
MatiSSE
Storrs, CT
University of Connecticut
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Kenneth Noll
2015 - A Pilot Study Examining Interspecies Sharing of Chromosomal Genes Among Extreme Thermophiles
2008 - Genome-based Investigations into the Nature of the Common Ancestor of the Thermotogales
EXO
Peter Gogarten
2012 - Use of Horizontal Gene T ransfer Frequencies to Place Extinct Lineages of Microorganisms on the Tree of Life
2007 - Exploration of Sequence Space and th e Evolution of the Genetic Code
EXO
R. Thane Papke
2015 - Epigenetics, DNA Uptake, and Phosphorus Cycling are Intertwined Processes in the Hypersaline Adapted Archaeal Class Halobacteria
2011 - Lateral Gene Transfer Mechanisms in Archaea
EXO
Newark, DE
University of Delaware
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Clara Chan
2011 - "Development of Biogenicity Criteria and Paleoenvironmental Interpretations for Iron Microfossils Based on the Morphology, Physiology and Behavior of Modern Iron - Oxidizing Bacteria"
EXO
Gainesville, FL
University of Florida
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Jamie Foster
2014 - Biodiversity, Functional Genomics, And Carbonate Microstructure: An Integrated Approach To Defining The Stromatolite Microbiome
2011 - The metatranscriptome and biogeochemistry of marine thrombolitic microbial mats: pathways to biosignatures
EXO
Wayne Nicholson
2008 - Survival, Growth, and Evolution of Terrestrial Bacteria in Martian Environments
EXO
Honolulu, HI
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Emerging Worlds, LARS, NAI, Habitable Worlds , EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Alexander Krot
2015 - Early and late-stage disk processes recorded by chondritic components
Emerging Worlds
Brant Jones
2012 - An Experimental Investigation on the Formation of Dipeptides in Solar System Analogue Ices by Ionizing Radiation
EXO
Eric Gaidos
2010 - Formation, Evolution, and Detection of O cean-Bearing Planets Close to Cool Stars
EXO
Gary Huss
2015 - Isotopic analysis of Stardust particles by secondary ion mass spectrometry
2014 - Elemental and Isotopic Abundances in Solar Wind from SI MS Analysis of Genesis Collectors
2011 - Isotopic Analysis of Stardust Samples by Ion Microprobe
LARS
Karen Meech
CAN 3 & 5 Teams (2003-2015): The Origin, History, and Distribution of Water and Its Relation to Life in the Universe
NAI
Kazuhide Nagashima
2015 - Oxygen-isotope investigations on chondrules and matrices from primitive meteorites
Emerging Worlds
Mark Martindale
2011 - The cellular and molecular basis for the evolution of cell - type complexity
EXO
Nader Haghighipour
2009 - From Planetesimals to Terrestrial Planets: Habitable Planet Formation in Binary Star Systems
EXO
Norbert Schorghofer
2015 - Seasonal frost as source of liquid water on Mars
Habitable Worlds
Ryan Ogliore
2014 - Isotopic Analyses of Stardust and Hayabusa Samples by Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
LARS
Houston, TX
University of Houston
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
George Fox
2014 - Transitioning from an RNA World: The Origins of the Protein Synthesis Machinery 2014 - Evolutionary History of the Translation Machinery
EXO
Moscow, ID
University of Idaho
EXO, PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Jason Barnes
PDART – 2015 - Archival of Cassini VIMS, ISS, and RADAR Global Datamap Products for Titan
EXO – 2014 - Obliquity Stability of Potentially Habitable Worlds
EXO – 2009 - Orbital Stability of Habitable Moons and Moons of Habitable Planets
EXO, PDART
Chicago, IL
University of Illinois at Chicago
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
David Woon
2010 - Theoretical Studies of the Extraterrestr ial Chemistry of Biogenic Compounds: Projects for 2010-2013
EXO
Fabien Kenig
2007 - Molecular fossils in Archean and Prot erozoic sediments and metasediments: Multidimensional gas chromatography, hi gh pressure catalytic hydrogenation and synthesis of butyloid standards
EXO
Peter Doran
2012 - Habitability of Antarctic lake s and detectability of microbial life in icy environments by autonomous year - round instrumentation
EXO
Rachel Whitaker
2014 - Mosaics Of Natural Selection In Model Microbial Genomes From Geothermal Environments
2009 - Geochemical Change in Isolated Extreme Environments Defines the Evolutionary Trajectory of the Thermoacidophilic Cren archaeon Sulfolobus islandicus and its Pan-genome
EXO
Champaign, IL
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Nigel Goldenfeld
CAN 6 Team (2015-2019): Towards Universal Biology: Constraints From Early and Continuing Evolutionary Dynamics of Life on Earth
NAI
Rachel Whitaker
2014 - Mosaics Of Natural Selection In Model Microbial Genomes From Geothermal Environments
EXO
Strong Hall, 1450 Jayhawk Blvd, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
University of Kansas
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Alison Olcott Marshall
2015 - Pilot Study: Biomarker Preservation Potential of a Sulfur-Rich Evaporative Mars Analog
EXO
College Park, MD
University of Maryland
PSTAR, EXO, PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Alan Kaufman
2010 - Geochronological and Paleomagnetic Cons traints on the Origin of Animals
EXO
Aubrey Zerkle
2007 - Fractionation of multiple sulfur isot opes during biological sulfur oxidation
EXO
Frank Robb
2015 - Sentinel Microbes that Utilize Carbon Monoxide as Energy and Carbon Source
EXO
Ho Jung Paik
2014 - Development of Tensor Superconducting Gravity Gradiometer for Planetary Missions
PICASSO
James Farquhar
2010 - Support for Drilling in Barberton Greenstone Belt
2007 - Sulfur triple isotope stratigraphy of Archean Drill Core material
EXO
Kelsey Young
2015 - TubeX: Using GPR, LiDAR, and hXRF to Investigate Strategies for Lava Tube Exploration
PSTAR
Kevin Sowers
2009 - Desiccation and Radiation Tolerance by the Anaerobic Methane Producing Archaeon Methanosarcina Barkeri: A Model for Extraterrestrial Adaptation
EXO
Ludmilla Kolokolova
2009 - Circular Polarization: A Key Tool in Remo te Sensing of Homochirality in Cosmic Organics
EXO
Millard Alexander
2012 - A Collaborative Experimental - Theoretical Investigation of Key Pathways in Atmospheric Photochemistry Related to the the Origin of Sulfur Mass - Independent Fractionation
EXO
Nicholas Schmerr
2015 - Analog Field Deployments of Small Aperture Seismic Arrays on Terrestrial Bodies
PSTAR
Shiladitya DasSarma
2015 - Cold Biology of an Antarctic Halophile: A Terrestrial Model for Extraterrestrial Life
EXO
Amherst, MA
University of Massachusetts Amherst
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
James Holden
2014 - Biogenic Iron Oxide Transformations By Thermophilic And Mesophilic Iron-Reducing Microbes
EXO
Lynn Margulis
2010 - The NASA Planetary Biology Internship Program
2007 - The NASA Planetary Biology Internship Program
EXO
Ann Arbor, MI
University of Michigan
EXO, PICASSO, Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Jason Gilbert
2014 - Vital Components of a Planetary Pickup Ion Composition Spectrometer
PICASSO
Nilton Renno
2010 - The Brines of the Phoenix Landing Site, the Potential for Life to Adapt to Them, and the Implications For Life Elsewhere
EXO
Youxue Zhang
2015 - Water and other volatiles in the moon and degassing of lunar basalts
Emerging Worlds
Minneapolis, MN
University of Minnesota
EXO, LARS, Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Burckhard Seelig
2014 - Linking The Evolution Of Primordial Amino Acid Alphabets To The Structure And Function Of Proteins
EXO
Jake Bailey
2014 - Investigating The Dissolution Of Carbonate Rocks By Marine Lithotrophic Bacteria: From Biogeochemistry To Biosignatures
EXO
Marc Hirschmann
2015 - Origin and distribution of H in the Moon from SIMS, FTIR, and experimental studies of feldspars, pyroxenes, and magmas
Emerging Worlds
Robert Pepin
2014 - Studies of Light Noble Gases in Interplanetary Dust Particles and Stardust Samples
2012 - Studies of Light Noble Gases in Stardust Samples and Interplanetary Dust Particles
2011 - The Composition of Solar Wind Nitrogen Implanted in Genesis Collector Materials
2010 - Studies of Light Noble Gases in Stardust Sa mples and Interplanetary Dust Particles
LARS
Columbia, MO
University of Missouri
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Donald Burke
2015 - Metabolite-Linked RNA Transcripts
2011 - Making nucleotides with ribozymes
EXO
Francis Schmidt
2007 - Ribozyme Evolution by Transactivation
EXO
Mitchell Schulte
2007 - Experimental determination of the partia l molal heat capacities and volumes of aqueous organic compounds
EXO
Missoula, MT
University of Montana, Missoula
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Frank Rosenweig
NAI – CAN 7 Team (2015-2019): Reliving the History of Life: Experimental Evolution of Major Transitions
EXO – 2015 - Accelerating Research on the Evolution of Biocomplexity: A Planetary Major Equipment Proposal to Augment NNX12AD87G E Unibus Plurum: Ecological and Genomic Constraints on the Evolution of Complexity
EXO – 2014 - Sweet are the Uses of Adversity: Genomic Responses to Stress and Their Implication for Adaptation and the Origin of New Species
EXO – 2011 - E unibus Plurum -- Ecological And Genomic Constraints on the Evolution of Complexity
EXO – 2007 - Evolution of Genome Architecture in de novo Yeast Species
NAI
Nancy Hinman
2008 - Exploration of Mineral Asso ciated Bio/organic Signatu res: Meeting the Challenge in the Search for Signs of Life
EXO
Las Vegas, NV
University of Nevada Las Vegas
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Brian Hedlund
2011 - Exploration of "biological dark matter" in geothermal springs
EXO
Albuquerque, NM
University of New Mexico
LARS
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Frans Rietmeijer
2014 - A HRTEM study of the nature of Wild 2 grain interactions with silica melt
2010 - Modification and Survival of Small Comet Wild 2 Particles
LARS
Notre Dame, IN
University of Notre Dame
Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Clive Neal
2015 - The Evolution of the Lunar Magma Ocean: A Combined Experimental and Modeling Approach
Emerging Worlds
1585 E 13th Ave, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
University of Oregon
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Qusheng Jin
2015 - Habitability: From Methanogens to Minimum Energy Flux of Life
EXO
Philadelphia, PA
University of Pennsylvania
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Mecky Pohlschroder
2010 - Characterization of Evolutionarily An cient Structures on Haloarchaeal Cell Surfaces
EXO
Kingston, RI
University of Rhode Island
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Steven D'Hondt
EXO – 2011 - Radiolytic hydrogen and microbial life in subseafloor sediment and basalt
NAI – CAN 2 Team (2001-2006): Subsurface Biospheres
EXO, NAI
Columbia, SC
University of South Carolina
PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Stanley M. Angel
2014 - Miniature Spatial Heterodyne Time-Resolved Raman Spectrometer (SHRS) for Planetary Surface and Subsurface Boreholes Mineralogy
PICASSO
Tampa, FL
University of South Florida
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Matthew Pasek
2014 - Phosphorus Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry: Extraterrestrial Influences on the Origin and Evolution of Life
2010 - Phosphorus Redox Geochemistry on the Early Earth: Extraterrestrial Influences on the Origin and Evolution of Early Life
EXO
Los Angeles, CA
University of Southern California
EXO, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Frank Corsetti
2009 - Magnetic Susceptibility as a Biosignature
EXO
Jan Amend
CAN 6 Team (2013-2017): Life Underground
NAI
William Berelson
2009 - A Community Education and Outreach Acti vity: International GeoBiology Summer Course
EXO
Hattiesburg, MS
University of Southern Mississippi
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Faqing Huang
2007 - Thioester-Centered Metabolic Systems Based on Catalytic RNA
EXO
Knoxville, TN
University of Tennessee - Knoxville
EXO, PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Christopher Fedo
2009 - Geochemical and Iron Isotopic Investigation of Precambrian Banded Iron Formation (3.8 - 1.9 Ga)
EXO
Devon Burr
2015 - Digitizing, generation, and archiving of planetary aeolian threshold data from wind tunnel experiments
PDART
Karen Lloyd
2015 - Metabolic Flexibility of Low Energy Specialist Methanogens
EXO
Arlington, TX
University of Texas at Arlington
PICASSO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Purnendu Dasgupta
2015 - Detection of Amino Acids/Organics on an Open-Tubular Ion/Liquid Chromatograph
PICASSO
Austin, TX
University of Texas at Austin
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Christopher Omelon
2011 - Cryptoendolithic microorganisms of the Antarctic Dry Valleys: identification of and processes controlling biosignature preservation and fossilization of microorganisms
EXO
Seattle, WA
University of Washington
EXO, Habitable Worlds , NAI, LARS, EXO, Habitable Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Andrew Becker
2015 - Exploring the Critical Radius Between mini-Neptunes and super-Earths using Kepler
EXO
Dale Winebrenner
2015 - New Estimates of the Flux of Oxygen Into, and Its Distribution Within, Lake Vostok Using Radar Sounding Observations
Habitable Worlds
David Catling
Habitable Worlds – 2015 - The Habitability of Cold Aqueous Salt Solutions on Icy Worlds
EXO – 2015 - Biogeochemical Studies of the Atmosphere and Oceans on the Early Earth
EXO – 2010 - Evolution of Oxygen, Biogeoche mical Cycles, and Habitability
EXO, Habitable Worlds
Don Brownlee
2014 - Kuiper Belt Particles: Exploring the Origins of Particles from the Edge of the Solar System
2012 - Wild 2 Sample Analysis
2010 - Stardust Sample Analysis 2
LARS
Drew Gorman-Lewis
2015 - Metabolic Energetics of Extremophiles Relevant to Extraterrestrial Conditions (Objectives 1 & 2 only)
2011 - Thermodynamic Studies of an Extreme Ammonia - Oxidizing Oligotroph as an Analogue to Extraterrestrial Life
EXO
Peter Ward
CAN 2 Team (2001-2006): Planetary Habitability and Evolution of Biological Complexity
NAI
Roger Buick
2015 - Sustaining Habitability: Nutrient Cycling on the Early Earth
2008 - Archean paleobarometry
EXO
Stephen Wood
2008 - Mars Subsurface Warming at Low Obliquity: Effects on the State and Distribution of Water
EXO
Vikki Meadows
CAN 4 & 6 Teams (2007-2017): Exploring the Habitability and Biosignatures of Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets
NAI
Madison, WI
University of Wisconsin, Madison
LARS, NAI
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Clark Johnson
CAN 4 & 6 Teams (2007-2017): Stable Isotope Biosignatures Critical to Life
NAI
Noriko Kita
2012 - Oxygen isotope analyses of comet and asteroid returned samples: Link to meteoritic components
LARS
Milwaukee, WI
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Habitable Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Lindsay McHenry
2015 - Understanding Relict Martian Hydrothermal Systems Using Icelandic Analogs
Habitable Worlds
Richmond, VA
Virginia Commonwealth University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Samy El-Shall
2007 - New Pathways for the Formation of Comp lex Organics and Prebiotic Synthesis in the Gas Phase, in Nano Clusters, and on Dust Grain Surfaces
EXO
Blacksburg, VA
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Biswarup Mukhopadhyay
2012 - Evolutionary Precursors o f Dissimilatory Sulfite Reductases in Methanogenic Archaea: Structural and Catalytic Properties and Physiological Roles
EXO
Shuhai Xiao
2015 - Investigating the Origin of Proterozoic Intracellular Structures
2009 - Integrated Morphological, Taphonomic, Ecological, and Geochemical Investigation of a Weakly Biomineralized Biota of Late Ediacaran Age: Prelude to the Evolution of Advanced Life
EXO
Topeka, KS
Washburn University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Brian Thomas
2014 - Terrestrial Impact of Nearby Supernovae
2009 - Astrophysical Ionizing Photon Events and Primary Productivity of Earth's Oceans
EXO
St. Louis, MO
Washington University
EXO, LARS, MatiSSE
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Alexander Bradley
2014 - Coevolution Of Sulfate Reducer Biosignatures And The Redox State Of Early Earth
EXO
Alexander Meshi
2012 - Analyses and Interpretations of Noble Gases delivered by Genesis and Stardust Missions
LARS
Alian Wang
2013 - A Compact Integrated Raman Spectrometer (CIRS)
MatiSSE
Christine Floss
2014 - Micro - analytical Investigation of Cometary Samples from the Stardust Mission
2012 - Identification and Analysis of Impact Craters from the Stardust Interstellar Collector Tray
2011 - Advancement of Microanalytical Techniques for the Characterization of Returned Samples
LARS
Frank Stadermann
2010 - Microcharacterization of Extraterrestrial Materials from Sample Return Missions
LARS
Frederic Moynier
2011 - Nickel (NI) Isotope Fractionation as a Potential Biosignature for Methanogenic Archaea
EXO
Robert Blankenship
2011 - "The Evolution of Photosynthesis and the Transition from an Anaerobic to an Aerobic World"
2008 - The Evolution of Photosynthesis and the Transition from an Anaerobic to an Aerobic World
EXO
St. Louis, MO
Washington University in St. Louis
Emerging Worlds
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Michael Krawczynski
2015 - Experimental Investigations of Lunar Iron Isotope Fractionation
Emerging Worlds
Wellesley, MA
Wellesley College
EXO, PDART
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Glenn Stark
2007 - Absorption measurements of SO2 isotopologu es with application to sulfur isotope mass-independent fractionation during SO2 photolysis
EXO
Richard French
2015 - Restoration and Submission of Uranus Ring Occultation Observations to the Planetary Data System
PDART
Weston, MA
Weston Observatory of Boston College
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Paul Strother
2007 - A Comparative Study of Precambrian and Cambrian Terrestrially-Derived Organic Remains
EXO
Woods Hole, MA
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
PSTAR, EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Christopher German
2015 - Oases for Life Beneath Ice-Covered Oceans: Bio-Signature Pathways From Seafloor Ecosystems to the Overlying Ice-Shell
PSTAR
Richard Camilli
2015 - Cooperative Exploration With Under-actuated Autonomous Vehicles in Hazardous Environments
PSTAR
Scott Wankel
2015 - Calibration of Two Novel Biosignatures in Manganese Oxides: Biomolecule Mineral Templates and Oxygen Isotopes as Records of Manganese Oxidation Pathways
EXO
Weifu Guo
2012 - Non - Mass - Dependent Sulfur Isotope Fractionation Associated with SO2 UV Photolysis: Insights from Tunable Laser Spectroscopic Measurements
EXO
New Haven, CT
Yale University
EXO
Principal Investigator
Funding Details
Funding Type
Noah Planavsky
2015 - Calibrating the Chromium Isotope System as a Tracer of Atmospheric Oxygenation
EXO
Ruth Blake
2012 - Oxygen Isotope Investigations of Phosphite Oxidation: Alternative Sources of P for the Origin and Evolution of Life
EXO
Location
Name
Location
Description
Field Site Type
West Lake Bonney, Antarctica
This ice covered lake is an extreme environment for life, and is a suitable analog for sub-ice ecosystems on icy worlds.
Extreme Lakes
None
Overview

West Lake Bonney is a two-and-a-half mile long, one-mile wide, 130 foot-deep lake located in Antarctica's Dry Valleys. The lake is perpetually covered with 12 to 15 feet of ice. Ice-covered aqueous environments on Earth provide the opportunity to study organisms that survive in extreme environments where they experience low temperature and oftentimes high pressures and long periods of isolation. A select few of these sites could serve as suitable analogs for habitable environments on icy worlds with liquid water in their subsurface.

Research

Using autonomous underwater vehicles deployed down a melt hole, scientists characterize the aqueous chemistry of the lake, create high resolution 3D maps of the underwater interface between Taylor Glacier and West Lake Bonney, and create a high resolution bathymetric map of the lake floor.

Related Links

ENDURANCE (Environmentally Non-Disturbing Under-ice Robotic ANtarctiC Explorer) - http://www.stoneaerospace.com/products-pages/products-ENDURANCE.php

(SURF), Lead, South Dakota
Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF), is a major research laboratory studying life underground
Deep Subsurface sites
None
Overview

This former Homestake gold mine in the Black Hills of South Dakota is becoming a major underground research laboratory. Primarily focused on high energy physics, SURF is now also characterized by studies of underground life. The site accesses about ~170 km of mine workings, with a subset currently maintained and ventilated. Black Hills geology is extraordinarily complex, characterized by a core Precambrian granite, pegmatite, and metamorphic complex, rimmed by Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic sedimentary units.

Research

Astrobiologists are participating in an underground drilling project aimed at detecting and characterizing microbial life in the subsurface. A new experiment was started near electrical and data service at the depth of 1,478 m. Here, In situ electrode-assisted cultivation of subsurface microbes is being conducted for the first time. The next phase of work at SURF will involve proposals to develop a distributed, kilometer-scale, 3D microbial observatory using select legacy holes from the surface to the 4850 level.

Related Links

Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) - http://sanfordlab.org/

Aeolian Islands, Italy
Hydrothermal hot spring environment, supporting microbial communities in shallow seas.
Hydrothermal Systems
None
Overview

Hydrothermal vent systems are relevant to astrobiology for a number of reasons. Firstly, they provide energy to support diverse communities of organisms in one of Earth's most isolated and extreme environments. Many organisms found at hydrothermal vents have unique strategies and mechanisms for survival, and provide important clues about the adaptation and evolution of life on Earth. Some theories also suggest that hydrothermal vent systems could have been an ideal location for the origins of life on Earth. They may also serve as suitable analogs for potentially habitable environments in the ice-covered oceans of worlds like Jupiter's moon Europa or Saturn's moon Enceladus. Finally, hydrothermal vents have existed throughout the history of Earth, and likely existed on other worlds like Mars, when it was wetter and warmer. Studying the signatures of life at hydrothermal vents could help astrobiologists determine how to identify biosignatures, both in Earth's geological record and on other worlds in the Solar System where similar habitats could have existed.

Research

Hydrothermal hot springs are found in the shallow seas off of Italy's Aeolian Islands, and they support microbial communities that can provide information about the strategies and mechanisms life uses to survive in extreme environments. Both modern and ancient rocks in these systems can also be used to understand the types of biosignatures that are left behind in hydrothermal systems.

Related Links

Geochemical Society Feature Article - http://www.geochemsoc.org/publications/geochemicalnews/gn133oct07/vulcano/

Atacama Desert, Chile
The Atacama is the driest non-polar desert in the world and is a suitable analog for ancient Mars.
Deserts
None
Overview

The Atacama desert in South America is one of the driest locations on Earth. Certain regions of the desert contain surface sediments with incredibly low numbers of microorganisms. Life in the Atacama has adapted to harsh conditions like a severe lack of water, increased oxidation, and high salinity.

Research

The surface environment in the Atacama is dry and contains very low numbers of microorganisms, which is a suitable place for testing life detection instruments and drills for future missions to Mars.

An integrated rover/drill is being used at sites in the Atacama Desert that are flight prototypes comparable to those planned for ExoMars and Icebreaker. It will acquire drilled cuttings and transfer to the rovers instruments. This work will test on-board autonomy and monitoring to support drilling, and demonstrate science support (operations and control) for the rover/drill/instrument operations.

Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure (CBIS)
Deep drilling of an impact structure provides access to a unique impact-altered surbsurface environment.
Deep Subsurface sites
None
Overview

Life is able to survive on Earth deep below the planet's surface. Entire ecosystems are able to thrive in the deep subsurface as long as there is access to even the smallest amount of water and nutrients. Subsurface environments can present many extreme conditions, among which are high pressures, limited nutrients, limited water, high temperatures, extreme acidity and alkalinity, metal toxicity, and radioactivity. Studying life in the deep subsurface of the Earth, and the biosignatures of such life, can also help astrobiologists understand life's past and present potential beneath the surface of other worlds.

Research

Studying life in the 35 million-year-old Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure (CBIS) helps astrobiologists understand how life survives and evolves deep underground in impact-fractured crust. Hydrothermal environments formed by the release of energy during impact could have persisted long after the impact event itself, and biosignatures in the CBIS could help shed light on how to identify life in transient hydrothermal ecosystems in impact basins, both on Earth and beyond. Studying the modern day presence and diversity of microorganisms in CBIS sediments can also provide a view into how subsurface ecosystems recover from the large-scale shock and disruption associated with impacts.

Related Links

Science article: Deep Drilling into the Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure - https://www.sciencemag.org/content/320/5884/1740.short

Dead Sea
The Dead Sea is home to extreme salt-loving microbes.
Extremophiles
None
Overview

The Dead Sea hosts extremophile salt-loving archaea, which make unique membrane lipids that can be preserved in the rock record. The environment appears to facility lateral gene transfer between and among bacterial and archaeal salt-loving species, potentially due to the enhanced stability of environmental DNA fragments.

Research

Extreme salt and high acidity make the Dead Sea a possible analog for Martian oceans at some time in its geologic past. Combining molecular biology, geochemistry, microbiology, and metagenomics, scientists are deciphering the microbiology, fossilization processes, and recoverable biosignatures from this mission-relevant environment.

Frasassi Cave Complex, Italy
A cold "vent on land" hosting an isolated ecosystem powered by sulfur-cycling microorganisms.
Ancient Earth sites
None
Overview

Biofilms are particularly adept at colonizing extreme environments, from hot springs to glaciers. In Frasassi, they exist on damp walls and in the pools and streams of an underground aquifer, entirely without light and mostly without oxygen. Yet these self-contained ecosystems have found a way not just to survive, but to thrive. In fact, their presence plays a vital role in the cave system’s continuing formation. The underground environment they inhabit is a rare working model of early Earth.

Research

Frasassi represents a “sulfur world,” an ecosystem based not on oxygen, but on sulfur as an energy source. Understanding the workings of this system offers clues to how early life evolved. Within the layers that make up a biofilm there are many different types of microbe species, each playing a different role in the community. Through genetic analyses, astrobiologists are trying to map which organisms live where in the caves and how they correspond to the geochemical environment.

Related Links

In underground caves and equally extreme environments, Jenn Macalady finds analogs for life on other Earths.
Cave Microbiology
2013 BBC documentary

Gakkel Ridge, Arctic Ocean
Hydrothermal vent sites on the floor of the Arctic Ocean provide insight into life in extreme environments.
Hydrothermal Systems
None
Overview

Hydrothermal vent systems are relevant to astrobiology for a number of reasons. Firstly, they provide energy to support diverse communities of organisms in one of Earth's most isolated and extreme environments. Many organisms found at hydrothermal vents have unique strategies and mechanisms for survival, and provide important clues about the adaptation and evolution of life on Earth. Some theories also suggest that hydrothermal vent systems could have been an ideal location for the origins of life on Earth. They may also serve as suitable analogs for potentially habitable environments in the ice-covered oceans of worlds like Jupiter's moon Europa or Saturn's moon Enceladus. Finally, hydrothermal vents have existed throughout the history of Earth, and likely existed on other worlds like Mars, when it was wetter and warmer. Studying the signatures of life at hydrothermal vents could help astrobiologists determine how to identify biosignatures, both in Earth's geological record and on other worlds in the Solar System where similar habitats could have existed.

Research

The Gakkel Ridge, located in the Arctic Ocean between Greenland and Siberia, was explored during the Arctic Gakkel Vents Expedition (AGAVE). Two autonomous underwater robots, called Jaguar and Puma, were developed for the Astrobiology Science and Technology for Exploring Planets (ASTEP) element of the NASA Astrobiology Program. The underwater explorers demonstrated autonomous robotic operations in deep-sea vent environments. Jaguar and Puma were designed to locate hydrothermal vent sites on the seafloor of the Arctic Ocean and search for life there.

Related Links

Dive and Discover, Expeditions to the Seafloor - http://www.divediscover.whoi.edu/expedition11/index.html
Polar Careers: Robert Sohn - http://polarfield.com/blog/tag/arctic-gakkel-vents-expedition-agave/

Juan de Fuca Ridge
The Juan de Fuca Ridge is an oceanic spreading center that supports extensive deep sea hot springs.
Hydrothermal Systems
None
Overview

The Juan de Fuca Ridge is a tectonic spreading center located off the coasts of the state of Washington in the United States and the province of British Columbia in Canada. Life is able to survive on Earth deep below the planet's surface. Entire ecosystems are able to thrive in the deep subsurface as long as there is access to even the smallest amount of water and nutrients. Subsurface environments can present many extreme conditions, among which are high pressures, limited nutrients, limited water, high temperatures, extreme acidity and alkalinity, metal toxicity, and radioactivity. Studying life in the deep subsurface of the Earth, and the biosignatures of such life, can also help astrobiologists understand life's past and present potential beneath the surface of other worlds.

Research

The Juan de Fuca Ridge provides an opportunity to study sub-sea floor microbiological communities associated with hot springs in the vicinity of an active spreading center. Here, astrobiologists study life's adaption to extremes of pressure, cold, and salinity. Studies on microbial metabolism at this site also provide insight into how scientists can use chemical and isotopic signatures to identify ancient metabolisms recorded in the rock record.

Circulation Obviation Retrofit Kit (CORK) observatories were installed in boreholes drilled into the seafloor at the Juan de Fuca Ridge. The observatories were used to sample deep subsurface oceanic basement fluids; which are heated, under pressure, and flow and percolate through layers of subseafloor rock formations. These fluids are studied for biogeochemical, microbiological and virological analysis. This extreme environment harbors a deeply buried biosphere, and could be a suitable analog for subsurface biospheres on worlds like Enceladus and Europa.

Related Links

The Dynamic Earth - http://www.mnh.si.edu/earth/text/4_3_2_0.html
Places in the Sea - http://www.marine-conservation.org/media/shining_sea/place_epacific_juandefuca.htm
WHOI - Dive and Discover - http://www.divediscover.whoi.edu/expedition8/

Keswick Reservoir, Sacramento River, California
Low-pH and high iron effulent from a mine flow provides a suitable analog to the Archean oceans of Earth.
Ancient Earth sites
Research

At this acid neutralization site, effluent from the Iron Mountain mine flows into the Keswick Reservoir. The effluent has a low pH and is high in iron (Fe). Neutralization causes large amounts of ferric hydroxides to precipitate, and these support a microbial community of Fe(III)-reducing bacteria. The very high Fe, but low sulfur fluxes at the site are a possible analog for the Archean oceans on Earth prior to 2.5 billion years ago.

Related Links

Geochemistry, toxicity, and sorption properties of contaminated sediments and pore waters from two reservoirs receiving acid mine drainage - http://toxics.usgs.gov/pubs/wri99-4018/Volume1/sectionD/1504_Nordstrom/pdf/1504_Nordstrom.pdf

Kilauea Crater, Hawaii
Lava tubes could provide insight into environments for life on ancient Mars where lava flows created similar features.
Deep Subsurface sites
None
Overview

Life is able to survive on Earth deep below the planet's surface. Entire ecosystems are able to thrive in the deep subsurface as long as there is access to even the smallest amount of water and nutrients. Subsurface environments can present many extreme conditions, among which are high pressures, limited nutrients, limited water, high temperatures, extreme acidity and alkalinity, metal toxicity, and radioactivity. Studying life in the deep subsurface of the Earth, and the biosignatures of such life, can also help astrobiologists understand life's past and present potential beneath the surface of other worlds.

Research

If life ever existed on ancient Mars, it may have retreated to subsurface shelters when surface conditions became unfavourable. Many Martian volcanoes were built from individual flows that were emplaced through channels and lava tubes, signalling a style of volcanism analogous to Hawaiian eruptions. Such lava tubes may be one of the few places on Mars where saturation levels of moisture could have been maintained by the diffusion of geo-thermally heated groundwater. These cave systems could have also shielded ancient organisms from high UV levels. In some ways, the lava cave environment may provide an analogue to potentially habitable environments on ancient Mars.

Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the World.
Extremophiles
None
Overview

The summit of Kilimanjaro hosts melting/subliming glaciers with stratigraphic layering, including embedded atmospheric dust, that are believed to be nearly 12,000 years old. The periglacial soils and supraglacial meltwater ponds are among the most extreme microbial habitats on Earth, as microbes eking out a living in these near-sterile environments face extreme freeze-thaw cycles, high UV flux, half an atmosphere of pressure, and extreme low organic carbon content.

Research

These factors make Kilimanjaro an excellent Europa analog. By studying microbes found here, they will further our understanding of microbial growth boundary conditions, habitability, and preservation of organics.

Laguna Negra, Central Andes, Chile
Using Technology Relevant to Titan’s Exploration to Investigate the Impact of Glacial Melt on Past and Present Planetary Lakes
Extreme Lakes
None
Overview

Ice is retreating and thinning worldwide. Glaciers and ice fields are expected to significantly shrink within a generation, and many of the lower-altitude glaciers could disappear during the next 10-20 years. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007) lists the Central and Southern Andes as particularly vulnerable.

Research

Astrobiologists are working here to better understand the changes currently affecting Earth’s glacial lake ecosystems, and shed light on how life and habitats adapted and transitioned during past deglaciations on our planet. In the process, they hope to bring new insights into Mars habitability and life potential during comparable geological periods early in Mars history and later, during high-obliquity cycles when snow precipitation and glacier formation were possible. Investigating these lakes will also confront us with challenges presenting analogies to those faced by future missions to the planetary lakes and seas of Titan, thus giving us an opportunity to develop and test exploration strategies for future planetary lake landers

Related Links

Planetary Lake Lander SETI - http://pll.seti.org/?page_id=5
Planetary Lake Lander Project Video Series - https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/seminars/other-seminar-series/planetary-lake-lander-project-video-series/

Lake Vida, Antarctica
This ice covered lake is a suitable analog for sub-ice ecosystems on icy worlds like Europa and Enceladus.
Extreme Lakes
None
Overview

Ice-covered aqueous environments on Earth provide the opportunity to study organisms that survive in extreme environments where they experience low temperature and oftentimes high pressures and long periods of isolation. A select few of these sites could serve as suitable analogs for habitable environments on icy worlds with liquid water in their subsurface.

Research

Lake Vida is located in Antarctica's Victoria Valley, which is one of the northernmost of the McMurdo Dry Valleys. The lake is covered by a permanent ice layer some 20 meters (65.6 ft) thick. Brine in the lake is also is the coldest, most stable cryo-environment known on Earth. Lake Vida brine has the highest levels of nitrous oxide (N2O) ever measured in a natural environment, and the waters of the lake have been in permanent darkness for an estimated 3000 years.

Related Links

Ancient microbes discovered in bitter-cold Antarctic brine - http://phys.org/news/2012-11-hearty-bitter-cold-antarctic-brine.html

McLaughlin Natural Reserve, CA
Ultra mafic rock actively undergoing serpentinization.
Serpentinization sites
None
Overview

Coast Range Ophiolite Microbial Observatory (CROMO) was established in 2010 with the aim of creating a subsurface “observatory” to study serpentinite-hosted subsurface biospheres. Serpentinization is a class of water-rock reactions with the potential to generate large amounts of hydrogen and possibly hydrocarbons and organics. It can support subsurface communities over geologically-long time scales.

Research

At CROMO, astrobiologists have established a subsurface “observatory” by drilling 8 wells into a shallowly buried, actively serpentinizing body, characterized the cores, and outfited the boreholes for a program of long-term observations and experimentations.They consider this subsurface observatory in serpentinizing terrane to be unique, and envision that the established observatory would ultimately become a resource for the broader astrobiology community, creating a central site and test bed in which to integrate a range of approaches.

Related Links

Coast Range Ophiolite Microbial Observatory (CROMO) website - http://cromo.arc.nasa.gov/index.html

McMurdo Dry Valleys
The McMurdo Dry Valleys are one of the driest and coldest deserts on Earth, and have long served as an analog site for Mars.
Antarctica
None
Overview

Antarctica contains some of the coldest and driest environments known on Earth. The content is one of astrobiology's oldest sites of interest in the study of life in extreme environments. Antarctica has also long served as an analog for ancient Mars.

Research

The McMurdo Dry Valleys have been used for testing life detection instruments since the early days of NASA. Although this dry and freezing environment looks lifeless, microorganisms do survive in the extreme conditions. Protected under the surface of rocks, cryptoendolithic microbial communities survive the low temperatures, scarce water availability, and high seasonal variations in solar radiation. These microorganisms have existed in this habitat for thousands of years; and have “biosignatures” that preserve and indicate traces of past biological activity. Studying these communities can help astrobiologists understand life in extreme environments and the signatures that could provide evidence for life on other worlds.

Mid Cayman Rise, Caribbean Sea
Hydrothermal vent field found deep below the ocean surface, a plausible analog for habitable environments in sub-ice oceans on worlds like Europa and Enceladus.
Hydrothermal Systems
None
Overview

The Mid Cayman Rise is Earth’s deepest and slowest spreading mid-ocean ridge. Hydrothermal vent systems are relevant to astrobiology for a number of reasons. Firstly, they provide energy to support diverse communities of organisms in one of Earth's most isolated and extreme environments. Many organisms found at hydrothermal vents have unique strategies and mechanisms for survival, and provide important clues about the adaptation and evolution of life on Earth. Some theories also suggest that hydrothermal vent systems could have been an ideal location for the origins of life on Earth. They may also serve as suitable analogs for potentially habitable environments in the ice-covered oceans of worlds like Jupiter's moon Europa or Saturn's moon Enceladus. Finally, hydrothermal vents have existed throughout the history of Earth, and likely existed on other worlds like Mars, when it was wetter and warmer. Studying the signatures of life at hydrothermal vents could help astrobiologists determine how to identify biosignatures, both in Earth's geological record and on other worlds in the Solar System where similar habitats could have existed.

Research

By exploring this extreme section of the Earth’s deep seafloor, research done here seeks to extend our understanding of the limits (in terms of extreme environments) to which life can exist on Earth, to understand how geologic processes might generate the prebiotic materials believed to have been an essential pre-cursor to life on Earth, and to help prepare for future efforts to explore for life on other planets.

Related Links

Mid-Cayman Rise Expedition - http://www.schmidtocean.org/story/show/1507

Mistaken Point, Newfoundland, Canada
Located in these rocks are the oldest examples of complex life anywhere in the world.
Ancient Earth sites
None
Overview

The origins of animals has remained shrouded in mystery since the origins of paleontology, principally because of their abrupt appearance in rocks dated at around 530 Ma with little or no sign of possible antecedents in Precambrian rocks. This does not mean that older rocks are devoid of life, indeed rocks of the last half of the Ediacaran period (~580-542 Ma) are chock full of interesting but enigmatic and unmistakably non-animal forms. This location hosts the oldest known Ediacaran fossils, and thus the first solid evidence for the origin of animal life on Earth.

Research

The fossil record provides the best evidence for the emergence of complex life and its relationship to changes in the environment. Astrobiologists are working with the fossil record of some of the oldest fossil evidence of animals and applying studies of the development of modern animals to interpret these fossils. The goal is to understand the interactions between changes in the physical environment, ecological interactions and in developmental mechanisms in evolutionary innovations leading to greater biological complexity.

Related Links

http://www.flickr.com/search/groups/?q=fossil&m=pool&w=1195123%40N20&page=3
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/vendian/mistaken.html
http://www.yale.edu/ypmip/locations/mistaken/

Moab, Utah
Desert biological soil crusts are a complex consortia of microorganisms that are the primary colonizers of desert soils.
Deserts
None
Overview

Canyon Lands National Park near Moab, Utah, is an exceptional site to study biological soil crusts (BSCs). BSCs are a complex consortia of microorganisms including cyanobacteria, algae, and fungi, and are the primary colonizers of desert soils, supplying both carbon and nitrogen to these arid-land ecosystems. As such, they may represent an analog for soil development on the early Earth. BSCs occupy an extremely nutrient-poor niche, and meet their nutrient and metal requirements by manipulating their surroundings via the production of metal-binding ligands called siderophores. The soil crusts metabolism affects the chemical composition of soil porewaters and soil solid phases; these alterations to soil metal contents may represent a biosignature for biological soil crusts that can be preserved over long time scales.

Research

An effort to understand how microbial soil crusts obtain nutrient elements from the soil is a focus of the work done here. Samples collected here are measured for soil properties (pH, bulk density, cation exchange capacity), carbon and nitrogen content and isotopic composition, trace element composition, and basic mineralogy. Manipulation experiments were conducted to assess whether BSC metabolism is nitrogen limited, as well as experiments to determine the effects of BSC metabolism on metal concentrations in soil porewater.

Mojave Desert, CA
The temperature extremes of the Mojave is a good analog for extraterrestrial environment such as Mars.
Deserts
None
Overview

The Mojave Desert is a desert which occupies a significant portion of southeastern California and smaller parts of central California; southern Nevada, southwestern Utah and northwestern Arizona in the United States. The Mojave is a desert of temperature extremes and because of that it is considered a good analog for extraterrestrial environment such as Mars.

Research

Astrobiologists have been working with field instrumentation that will enable in-situ measurements of organics and biological material that have high potential for future flight instrumentation. These instruments provide new measurement capabilities that have been developed with the specific goal of life-detection using next generation imaging spectrometers, chromatographic, and sample extraction devices.

Related Links

NAI - Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Icy Worlds 2013 Annual Report Investigation 4: Path to Flight - http://nai.nasa.gov/annual-reports/2013/jpl-icy-worlds/investigation-4-path-to-the-flight/

Pilbara Craton, Western Australia
Western Australia is home to some of the most ancient rocks on Earth.
Ancient Earth sites
None
Overview

The Pilbara Craton is one of only two pristine ancient crust sites identified on Earth. It comprises six components:
(1) Early Archaean 3.6-2.7 Ga crust.
(2) The East Pilbara Terrane, consists of four volcano-sedimentary groups and one formation.
(3) The West Pilbara Superterrane, consists of three granite-greenstone terranes.
(4) The Kurrana Terrane, consists of two granitic supersuites and minor greenstone.
(5) The De Grey Superbasin, consists of five sedimentary basins that are filled with sedimentary and volcanic rocks.

Research

The Pilbara Craton exposes some of the Earth's most ancient sedimentary rocks. The origin and sustenance of life on Earth strongly depends on the fact that volatile elements, H-C-O-N, were retained in sufficient abundance to sustain an ocean-atmosphere. Research here involves studing of how terrestrial planets (the inner planets closest to our Sun) form, why differences exist among the terrestrial planets, how volatiles behave deep within the Earth, and how volatiles and life influence the large and small scale composition of the near surface Earth.

Related Links

ScienceDirect publication 3.43 billion-year-old stromatolite reef from the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia: Ecosystem-scale insights to early life on Earth

Rio Tinto, Spain
Acid mine drainage site, a plausible analog for early, wet acid conditions on Mars.
Highly Acidic Sites
None
Overview

Originating in the Sierra de Huelva mountains of Andalusia, Spain's "red river" runs through the southwestern region of the country. For approximately five thousand years, copper, gold, silver and other minerals have been mined along the river, with dissolving iron giving it a strange reddish hue.

Extremophile aerobic bacteria in the water provide conditions similar to those found in other areas in the solar system. Jupiter's moon Europa, for example, is thought to contain an acidic ocean underneath its surface. Life in the Rio Tinto - the bacteria feed on iron and sulfide minerals in the river's subsurface rocks - make the likelihood of life on Europa all the more possible.

Research

Research from work at Rio Tinto using a sophisticated technique that analyses the three stable isotopes of oxygen and their relationship to each other, has recently shown that the oxidation of sulfite governs the oxygen isotope composition of sulfate. This work will be of significant importance in helping to understand the conditions of the formation of ancient minerals.

An airborne remote survey of Rio Tinto has monitored the progress of the metabolic process in which iron is oxidized by bacteria. Progress has been made in linking orbital observations with those made by the MER and MSL rovers on Mars with field research at Rio Tinto, and detailed laboratory experiments that constrain the relationship between mineral combinations and their signatures advancing our ability to detect organics or “biosignature”.

Related Links

Life Under a Spanish Red River, By Astrobio – Apr 10, 2003
http://www.astrobio.net/topic/origins/extreme-life/life-under-a-spanish-red-river/

Atlas Obscura – Rio Tinto (Red River)
http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/rio-tinto

SERC – Microbial Life Educational Resources – Rio Tinto
http://serc.carleton.edu/microbelife/topics/riotinto/index.html

Svalbard, Norway
The arctic islands of Svalbard host extreme environments for life that are suitable analogs for certain areas on Mars.
Svalbard
None
Overview

The Norweigan archepelago of Svalbard is a remote and isolated environment filled with icy glaciers and barren, rocky landscapes deep within the Arctic circle.

Research

Scientists with the Arctic Mars Analog Svalbard Expedition (AMASE) traveled there to test the protocols, procedures, and equipment needed to detect traces of organic chemistry and perhaps life on Mars. Instruments that are onboard NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory and will fly on ESA’s ExoMars missions were tested in Svalbard by the AMASE team. With a unique combination of volcanoes, hot springs, and permafrost, the Bockfjord Volcanic Complex on Svalbard is the only place on Earth with carbonate deposits identical to those found in the famous Martian meteorite ALH84001. What a unique opportunity to study the interaction between water, rocks, and primitive life forms in a Mars-like environment!

Related Links

AMASE blog from the field http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mars/news/amase/

The Cedars, Sonoma County, CA
The Cedars serpentinization communities: life in an extremely inorganic environment
Serpentinization sites
None
Overview

The Cedars are located in Sonoma County, in the Central Belt Franciscan Complex. It is a serpentine mountain range with perennial mineral springs, travertine deposits and chromium ore. Serpentinization, the hydration of olivine and pyroxene minerals at moderate temperatures [100 to 300C], generates heat, hydrogen and other materials relevant to supporting and possibly originating life. Olivine and pyroxene make up > 50% of the earth's mantle. These are primordial minerals that are present on the moon, mars, meteorites, etc.

Research

Biogeochemists and microbiologists have been studying the chemistry and bacteria in the highly alkaline (pH=10-12), highly reducing, oxygen-depleted, hydrogen-rich mineral springs and consider these springs to be a Martian analog.

Transvaal Basin, South Africa
The 2.5 Ga Kuruman Iron Formation is one of the largest banded iron formations in the world.
Banded Iron Formations
None
Overview

Carbonates are found everywhere in Earths geologic record and their chemical and isotopic compositions have been key to discussions on the compositions of the ancient oceans, as well as the evolution of life. The abundance of Fe-carbonates, common in banded iron formations (BIFs), and the Archean sedimentary rock record, has led many scientists to use such carbonates as a proxy for surface conditions and to provide insights into seawater chemistry of the ancient Earth.

Research

For carbonates to yield information about ancient ocean compositions, they must demonstrate to have been a direct precipitate from ocean water and not subsequently modified. One approach geochemists are taking is to test if ancient carbonates record seawater by studying the isotopic compositions of elements that usually reflect seawater compositions in carbonate minerals.

University Valley, Antarctica
Ice-cemented ground provides a suitable analog for environments found on some areas of Mars.
Antarctica
None
Overview

Antarctica contains some of the coldest and driest environments known on Earth. The content is one of astrobiology's oldest sites of interest in the study of life in extreme environments. Antarctica has also long served as an analog for ancient Mars.

Research

University Valley is located in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, and contains subsurface ice-cemented ground similar to that found on areas of Mars. This site has been used to test drilling equipment that could be used to collect sub-surface samples from these regions.

Related Links

About Ice Cores - National Ice Core Laboratory - http://icecores.org/icecores/drilling.shtml

Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
YNP hotsprings provide an ideal natural laboratory to study the relationships between energy, elements and microbial ecology.
Hydrothermal Systems
None
Overview

The extreme variation in the geochemical composition of present day hydrothermal environments is likely to encompass many of those that were present on early Earth, when key metabolic processes are thought to have evolved. Yellowstone National Park harbors >12,000 geothermal features that vary widely in temperature and geochemical composition. Such environments provide a field laboratory for examining the tendency for guilds of organisms to inhabit particular ecological niches and to define the range of geochemical conditions tolerated by that functional guild (i.e., habitat range or zone of habitability).

Research

Astrobiologists are examining the distribution and diversity of genes in YNP environments that harbor geochemical properties that are thought to be similar to those that characterize early Earth.

Related Links

Science of the Springs, Astrobiology in Yellowstone National Park - http://abrc.montana.edu/documents/ScienceoftheSprings.pdf
Yellowstone National Park Guide to Life in Extreme Heat - http://www.nps.gov/yell/learn/nature/otherlifeforms.htm
Online Guidebook: Secrets of the Springs: Astrobiology in Yellowstone National Park - http://astrobiology.com/2011/01/new-online-guidebook-secrets-of-the-springs-astrobiology-in-yellowstone-national-park.html