The variability of natural systems makes it difficult to understand how organisms’ genes influence the way they look and behave, and how communities of interacting organisms arise. Using laboratory experimental evolution, this variation can be controlled.
A NASA Astrobiology Program-funded team based at the University of Montana previously showed that a single population of bacteria that was cultured in the presence of a single limiting resource evolved into a stable, three-membered community, wherein one member’s waste products are used by the others as a source of food.
In a new study, the team found that the two new members ...June 27, 2014 / Posted by: Daniella Scalice
Left: Astrobiologist Kevin Hand prepares to deploy a rover beneath the ice of Alaska's Sukok Lake; Right: Asttrobiologist Penny Boston captures a drop of biofilm from the Cueva de Villa Luz ("cave of the lighted house") in Mexico.
An electronic signal travels from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Lab in Pasadena, California, to a robotic rover clinging to the underside of foot-thick ice on an Alaskan lake. The rover’s spotlight begins to glow. “It worked!” exclaims John Leichty, a young JPL engineer huddled in a tent on the lake ice nearby. It may not sound like a technological ...
The Bain des Japonais Spring, an intertidal hydrothermal vent on Prony Bay. Note shimmering where fluids are mixing with seawater. Credit: Roy Price
Roy Price first heard about the hydrothermal vents in New Caledonia’s Bay of Prony a decade ago. Being a scuba diver and a geologist, he was fascinated by the pictures of a 38-meter-high calcite “chimney” that had precipitated out of the highly-alkaline vent fluid.
His attraction to this South Pacific site intensified over the years, as it was later revealed that the geochemistry of the hydrothermal fluids discharging in the Bay of Prony resemble that of ...
This multidisciplinary course will cover the diversity of astrobiological subjects from different disciplines (geology, chemistry, physics, astrophysics, biology and science communication/networks). At this first stage, the course will be given in Spanish and It covers around 100 teaching hours, comprising three modules and 18 Thematic Units.
Source: [REDSPA]June 20, 2014 / Posted by: Daniella Scalice
Sugars of extraterrestrial origin have been observed in the interstellar medium (ISM), in at least one comet spectrum, and in several meteorites that have been recovered from the surface of the Earth. The origins of the sugars within the meteorites have been debated.
To explore the possibility that sugars could be generated during shock events, a new study funded by the NASA Astrobiology Program is the first set of laboratory impact experiments wherein glycolaldehyde, found in the ISM, as well as glycolaldehyde mixed with montmorillonite clay, have been subjected to reverberated shocks.
New biologically-relevant molecules, including threose, erythrose and ethylene ...June 18, 2014 / Posted by: Daniella Scalice
An artist's imagined view from planet Kepler-10b (NASA/Kepler Mission/Dana Berry)
This new article in The Atlantic profiles NAI’s Virtual Planetary Laboratory team, based at the University of Washington, Seattle and led by PI Vikki Meadows. At a recent conference hosted there called “Revisiting the Habitable Zone,” a small interdisciplinary and international group of scientists discussed the question, “What makes a planet habitable?” aka, “What makes a planet’s surface suitable for water?”
Source: [The Atlantic]
Left: Composite image of the lunar nearside showing the presence of dark areas of maria. Right: Composite image of the lunar farside showing the absence of dark areas. Image Credit: NASA
Astrobiologists have solved a 55-year-old Moon mystery known as the Lunar Farside Highlands Problem.
When looking at the Moon from Earth, one of the first things you notice are the large, dark areas of basalt seas known as maria. These dark spots are what give the Moon it’s familiar 'face.’ For centuries this was the only view of the Moon that humankind knew because the nearside always faces ...June 13, 2014 / Written by: Aaron Gronstal
Watch Lyl Tomlinson in the International FameLab Final live on June 3rd at 3:30pm EDT!
Lyl Tomlinson was the winner of the FameLab USA National Competition, an event sponsored by the NASA Astrobiology Program. Lyl is now representing the United States in the FameLab International Final at the Cheltenham Science Festival in the United Kingdom. He will be competing against winners from 23 other countries.
Lyl will compete in the first semifinal on June 3rd. A second semifinal will be held on June 4th. The winners of the semifinals will then participate in the final competition on Thursday, June ...June 3, 2014 / Written by: Aaron Gronstal
Please join us in welcoming a new crop of early career astrobiologists into two of the many community-based programs supported by NASA Astrobiology: the 2014 International Summer School in Astrobiology and the NASA Astrobiology Early Career Collaboration Award.
This year’s theme for the 2014 International Summer School in Astrobiology is “Habitable Environments in the Universe.” The school will provide an interdisciplinary examination of the nature and evaluation of habitability, an environment’s ability to support life. The Astrobiology Early Career Collaboration Award offers research-related travel support for undergraduate, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and junior scientists.
2014 Selections for the ...May 21, 2014 / Written by: Daniella Scalice
The 2013 Annual Science Report of the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI) is now online. The report details the accomplishments of the NAI members for the past year, and reflects the results of more than 600 peer-reviewed publications and numerous Education and Public Outreach projects. Also featured are efforts by the NAI to connect its members and the larger astrobiology community through online events, seminars, workshops and focus groups.
The 2013 Annual Science Report can be browsed by NAI team, Astrobiology Roadmap objectives, or by using the search function.
Visit the link and see how NAI researchers are asking exciting questions ...May 16, 2014 / Written by: Aaron Gronstal
Trinity Hamilton, an NAI NPP Fellow, takes samples from a thermal spring in Yellowstone National Park.
Humble beginnings in a one-room grade school in rural Montana led Trinity Hamilton to look to the stars. Now, as a NASA Postdoctoral Program Fellow with the NASA Astrobiology Institute, she brings her focus back to the ground to help expand our knowledge of the emergence of life on Earth.
“Understanding the role of biology in planetary evolution remains a daunting challenge to astrobiologists,” she said ...May 16, 2014 / Posted by: Daniella Scalice
This MARCI image from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is a composite mosaic of the north polar cap. The images were taken at midnight, 6 a.m., noon, and 6 p.m. martian time, during the summer when the sun is always shining in the polar region. The image shows the mostly water-ice perennial cap (white area), sitting atop the north polar layered materials (light tan immediately adjacent to the ice), and the dark circumpolar dunes. Image Credit: NASA/JPL/MSSS
Astrobiologists have provided new insight into how radiation exposure can destroy the amino acid glycine, even when it’s trapped ...May 15, 2014 / Written by: Aaron Gronstal
The NASA Astrobiology Program funds groundbreaking research around the globe, developing unique instruments to investigate some of Earth’s most remote and extreme environments. One such project is the Planetary Lake Lander, which is a prototype lander being tested in the high lakes of the Andes with an eye toward the exploration of Europa. In this series of videos, meet the researchers and learn about their work in unique and dramatic areas on Planet Earth.
Source: [NASA Astrobiology]May 14, 2014 / Written by: Daniella Scalice
Please join us in welcoming four new fellows to the NASA Astrobiology Minority Institution Research Support (MIRS) Program!
The goal of the NAI MIRS Program is to help train a new generation of researchers in astrobiology and to increase diversity within the astrobiology community. Over the past ten years, the program has provided opportunities for faculty members and students from minority-serving institutions to partner with astrobiology investigators.
One of the program’s main objectives is to engage more faculty from under-represented schools in astrobiology research and increase the number of students pursuing careers in astrobiology.
The four newest MIRS partnerships ...May 13, 2014 / Written by: Daniella Scalice
An artist's impression of an exoplanet orbiting the well-known, nearby F-type main sequence star Procyon, the brightest star in the constellation Canis Minor. Credit: RedOrbit.com
The stars in the night sky shine in myriad hues and brightnesses—piercing blues, clean whites, smoldering crimsons. Every star has a different mass, the basic characteristic that determines its size, lifespan, light output and temperature (which we discern as a particular color).
Yet when it comes to the existence of life, we know with certainty of only a single star—a toasty, yellow-whitish one, our Sun—that has permitted the rise of ...
- October 9 - Watch Astrobiology Graduates in Europe (AbGradE) Symposium Live
- October 13 - Moscow International Solar System Symposium (5M-S3)
- October 22 - Deadline for Session Topics and Organizers for Astrobiology Science Conference (AbSciCon) 2015
- October 31 - Application Deadline for 2015 Exploration Postdoctoral Fellowship Opportunity at ASU
- November 1 - Application Deadline for NASA Astrobiology Postdoctoral Fellowship Program
- November 1 - Workshop on the Modern Analytical Methods Applied to Earth Planetary Sciences
- November 4 - 2nd International Workshop on 'Instrumentation for Planetary Missions' (IPM-2014)
- November 6 - Application Deadline for Sagan Postdoctoral Fellowships
- November 12 - Proposal Deadline for 2014 NASA EONS Solicitation New Appendix
- November 13 - Proposal submission deadline for East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for U.S. Graduate Students (EAPSI)