1 item with the tag “sulfur

  • Project 1E: Metagenomic Analysis of Novel Chemolithoautotrophic Bacterial Cultures
    NAI 2013 University of Wisconsin Annual Report

    Metagenomic sequence information was obtained from two chemolithoautotrophic bacterial cultures: (1) an iron-oxidizing, nitrate-reducing culture that is capable of growth with either soluble or insoluble, mineral-bound (biotite, smectite) Fe(II) as the sole energy source; and (2) an aerobic iron/sulfur-oxidizing culture that grows with insoluble framboidal pyrite as the sole energy source. Both of these cultures carry-out novel neutral-pH lithotrophic microbial pathways, the discovery of which broadens our view of potential Fe/S based life on Earth (past and present) and other rocky planets. We hypothesize that genetic components of Fe/S oxidation identified in the metagenome of the cultures will bear resemblance to analogous components to be identified in other iron-oxidizing pure cultures being sequenced at JGI, together with existing published and unpublished information from other chemolithoautotrophic microorganisms. Identification of such genetic systems will enable comparative genomic analysis of mechanisms of extracellular phyllosilicate Fe/S redox metabolism, and facilitate development of techniques to detect the presence and expression of genes associated with chemolithotrophic Fe/S metabolism in various terrestrial environments.

    ROADMAP OBJECTIVES: 3.2 5.1 5.3 6.2